War and Peace in the Nuclear Age
In this module you will examine the history of the international system from the end of the Second World War to the present day. It will provide an examination of the origins of the Cold War, how the two superpowers managed their relationship during the Cold War and an analysis of some of the key features of the post-Cold War world. We begin by assessing the rise of the USA and USSR and the emergence of deterrence. The failure of the US policy of containment in Vietnam and the emergence of tripolarity and detente in the 1970s then follows. By the beginning of the 1980s the superpowers relations had worsened and it was the time of the Second Cold War. Yet within ten years the Cold War that had dominated international relations since 1945 would be over. Why did it end, and who won will be questions for you to answer. The module will then examine the challenges facing the international system in the aftermath of the Cold War. Challenges ranging from failed states and military intervention to the rise of China and the re-emergence of Russia, and we conclude by asking, in the post 9/11 era, are we facing a clash of civilisations?
Global Political Economy: From Mercantilism to Neoliberalism
This module deals with the major battles of ideas about global capitalism and the global economy, and considers the theoretical, ideological and historical foundations and contexts of the major rival conceptualizations and analyses of the nature, development, consequences and implications of national, transnational and global capitalism. It provides an overview of the theoretical and historical development of Global Political Economy (GPE), from early modern mercantilism and physiocrary, through classical and neoclassical political economy, marxism, national systems of political economy, the New Deal, Keynesianisn, Soviet Marxist-Leninist political economy, and the rise of development economics and development planning, to the post 1970s neoliberal revolution in economic thinking (especially the ideas of Friedrich Hayek and Milton Friedman) and the current hegemony of neoliberal political economy. Partly to counterbalance the strongly West-centric focus of most Western thinking, writing and teaching on the history of economic and philosophical thought, GPE gives considerable attention to Russian, Muslim, South and East Asian and Latin American economic thinking, and to leading world systems theorists. These non-Western and/or radical schools of economic thinking furnish a wide range of critical and counter-hegemonic perspectives on European, Western and global political economy. The overall aims are to help you to see and evaluate more clearly the strengths, limitations, problems and potentials of the major schools and foundational theories of political ecenomy; their respective ways of seeing and conceptualizing the main tendancies, driving focrces, strengths and weaknesses and the developmental constraints and options of the world economy and the increasingly globalized capitalist system; and the very varied impact of (and responses to) globalized capitalism in different parts of the modern world.
It is widely claimed that during the twentieth century over sixty million people were killed by premeditated acts of genocide, which targeted specific ethnic, religious, racial or class-related groups. Why did the twentieth century witness so many occurrences of deliberate genocide, on such unprecedented scales? To what degree was the Holocaust against Europe's Jews unique, and to what degree did it share causes. characteristics and results with other paroxysms of mass killing? How should genocide be defined, in order to differentiate it clearly from other forms of mass killing? Are there effective means of preventing, punishing and/or overcoming genocide? This module examines the ways in which genocide has resulted (in the main) from modern attempts to create ethno-culturally 'purged' and/or homogenized' nation states-primarily in the Western hemisphere, whence it has been transmitted to non-Western societies by European colonialism and/or by often misguided ad potentially lethal attempts to replicate Western models of ethno-cultural 'purging' and 'homogenization' in non-Western contexts. This module assesses the main attempts to explain the unprecedented incidence and scale of genocide in modern times. It undertakes case studies of the genocides perpetrated by various European states during the 1940's and 1990s, the so-called 'colonial genocides' in the Americas, Australasia and parts of Africa, the mass destruction of the Ottoman Empire's Armenian subjects during the First World War, and the mass killings which occurred in the USSR between 1932 and 1950, in East Asia from 1937 to 1945, in Cambodia from 1975-1976, and in Rwanda in 1994.
Researching Politics 2
Researching Politics 2 (RP2) is the follow-on module from RP1 and it acts as the culmination for the subject knowledge and transferable skills developed in that module. RP2 puts the creative emphasis in the hands of the students, with the module convenor and topic tutors giving guidance and feedback to facilitate the realisation of research conceived, developed, executed and presented by students. In this way, it tries to approximate the worlds of further study and work into which students will be progressing following the completion of their degree schemes.
It is a module where all of the summative assessments are comprised of group work, although individual marks can be varied depending on each student¿s performance. Students are also required to submit an individual self-assessment, detailing what they have learned about their own strengths and weaknesses on the basis of the sustained group work.
In RP2, you will extend and deepen the research undertaken in RP1 and continue to meet regularly in order to share ideas, opinions and sources in your groups. These meetings will include several where the topic tutor provides guidance and feedback as well as those where the meetings are student-led.
Contemporary Political Economy: Competing Perspectives on Global Capitalism
Conceived as a sequel to the Level 2 module on 'Global Political Economy: From Mercantilism to Neoliberalism' (PO-219), this module deals with: the regulatory challenges posed by the rapid development of the data economy, information and communication technology (ICT), the dominance of a small number of rapidly growing info-tech giants; post-Fordism; global & regional supply chains, human development and capacity building; social capital, social enterprise, and micro-finance; neo-structuralist political economy; and the political economy of several macro-regions or types of economies, including East Asia, South Asia, Latin America, Sub-Saharan Africa, the EU, post- Communist states, and oil states. The module will conclude by weighing up the challenges posed by global warming and whether the dominant neoliberal versions of global capitalism are ecologically defensible and sustainable. The module is based on weekly two-hour seminars, interspersed with occasional lectures.
Contemporary Political Economy: Competing Perspectives on Global Capitalism
Conceived as a sequel to the Level 2 module on 'Global Political Economy;From Mercantilism to Neoliberalism' (PO-219), this module deals with : the ascendancy of neoliberal global capitalism and neoliberal global governance;information and communication technology (ICT), the knowledge economy, and the changing world of work;'financialization', the international economic boom of 2001-2007, and the causes and consequences of the major Euro-Western economic crises that began in 2007-2008; trends in global poverty and inequality, and competing ways of conceptualizing and dealing with these problems; human development and capacity building; social capital; social enterprise, and micro-finance; new institutionalism; the political economy of 'emerging economies' and of particular regions or categories of economics, such as Communist and post- Communist states, oil states, Africa, the Arab world, and Latin America; the bases and global implications of the rise of the BRICs (Brazil, Russia, India and China); and the global ecosystem and the contested ecological 'limits to growth'. There will be a strong focus on the institutional and philosophical underpinnings of economic development, the thinking of prominent Western and non-Western political economists, and practical ways of empowering the world's poor and curbing capitalist excesses. The module will conclude by weighing up whether Western rationalism, secularism, individualism, materialism and neoliberal globalization have helped reduce or to intensify systematic global and regional hierarchies and impoverishment; and whether the still dominant neoliberal versions of global capitalism are economically, politically, morally and ecologically defensible and sustainable. The module is seminar based.
Individual research based, under the guidance of appointed supervisor.
Violence, Conflict and Development
Violence and conflict have been enduring and widespread obstacles to the promotion of sustainable development throughout the latter half of the twentieth century, and the 21st century looks set to continue this pattern. This module examines the roots and causes of conflict and violence in developing nations and explores how and why such conflict emerge even between hitherto seemingly peacefully co-existing communities. The module asks what impact protracted and violent conflict can have upon development prospects and democratisation processes, and examines national and international responses to violence and conflict mediation processes and systems. The module also explores soome of the arguments surrounding the use of aid in conflict situations, and examines the extent to which development aid and emergency relief can assist in perpetuating a state of conflict.