Areas of Expertise

  • marine biology
  • marine mammal science
  • bioacoustics
  • static acoustic monitoring of cetaceans
  • remote sensing
  • statistical modelling
  • underwater surveys
  • marine renewables
  • scientific diving
  • photo-identification
  • line-transect and towed acoustic surveys


  1. & Seasonal and diel patterns in cetacean use and foraging at a potential marine renewable energy site. Marine Pollution Bulletin
  2. & Don’t forget the porpoise: acoustic monitoring reveals fine scale temporal variation between bottlenose dolphin and harbour porpoise in Cardigan Bay SAC. Marine Biology 164(3)
  3. (2015). Development of videographic methods for measuring distance from vantage point to porpoise sightings in Ramsey Sound. Presented at Marine Energy Pembrokeshire Annual Industry Seminar 2015,
  4. & (2015). Developing marine mammal monitoring at marine renewable energy sites. Presented at THE NOC ASSOCIATION 5th ANNUAL MEETING March 2015,
  5. (2015). Design challenges for a floating hydrophone array for locating and tracking marine mammals at high tidal energy sites. Presented at Marine Energy Pembrokeshire Annual Industry Seminar 2015,

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  • BIO238 Marine Ecosystems: Threats and conservation

    This module introduces the students to coastal marine ecosystems and the broad ecological concepts that underpin coastal marine community structure. We then focus on the threats faced by these ecosystems from climate change and marine plastics to illegal fishing and tourism. The module then moves onto the conservation of marine ecosystems and the students will learn about the management of tropical marine protected areas (MPAs). The lectures cover the classification of marine biota and marine ecosystems and the ecology of a number of coastal marine habitats including temperate rocky, soft sediment shores, coral reefs, the deep sea and polar ecosystems. There are 3 pieces of coursework associated with this module. Two will have associated fieldtrips to Skomer Island (to observe puffin behaviour and habitat) and one to Crymlyn burrows. The third will be a talk, given to explain the key threats to their designated ecosystem studied in detail during the seminar sessions. All three rely on group collected observations and data with emphasis placed on teamwork and group cooperation.

  • BIO327 Tropical marine ecology field course

    This field based module will provide students with an introduction to the ecology of tropical marine systems and teach students the key practical skills required by tropical marine biologists. Students will obtain training in how to design, implement and report scientifically robust marine research. The module will complement the level three marine field course and help develop key skills in field based marine biology. Students will learn skills in marine ecology and taxonomy, in-water marine sampling and surveys, and impact assessment. This module will be mostly practical based but will also include theory lectures, workshops and feedback sessions. It would be structured around seven days of directed practical activities and a three day small group based mini-project. The field course will utilise snorkeling and intertidal walking as the major means of sampling throughout directed practical¿s.

  • BIO338 Polar Biology

    This module considers the ecology of the polar region. Topics are organised into six themes: 1) History of polar exploration; 2) Characteristics of the environments; 3) Major wildlife; 4) Adaptation strategies; 5) Ecosystem dynamics; 6) Changes and threats. Lectures will be complemented by paper discussions.

  • BIO346 Professional Skills in Marine Biology

    This field-based module will introduce students to the professional techniques utilised to monitor and study marine life in a variety of marine and coastal habitats and in relation to conservation management and biodiversity monitoring in the United Kingdom. The course places a strong emphasis on marine ecological census techniques. Students will learn key skills relevant to the marine ecology sector including protected and economically-important species (especially marine mammals, fish, shellfish, coastal birds), Phase 1 habitat surveys and water quality surveys. Students will also learn about the biotic and abiotic factors that define different UK habitats and relevant regulations that protect them. The module provides an introduction to the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) process and a range of impacts on the marine environment including energy generation and pollution. Participants in this module will work in groups acting as a marine environmental consultancy and the class will be responsible for producing key survey results for an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and public engagement presentation for a proposed commercial development in Carmarthen Bay. Students will gain insider experience about professional techniques in marine (and freshwater) biology through a series of lectures delivered by marine environmental practitioners from environmental consultancies and regulatory organisations in the UK.



    Student name:
    Other supervisor: Dr Richard Unsworth
    Other supervisor: Dr William Allen
  • Remote methods for the assessment of coastal biodiversity interacting with marine renewable developments. (current)

    Student name:
    Other supervisor: Prof Kam Tang
    Other supervisor: Dr Richard Unsworth
  • Marine protected areas as a management tool: A global assessment into the effect of varying levels of protection on seagrass-associated fish communities (current)

    Student name:
    Other supervisor: Dr Richard Unsworth
  • The challenges of studying cetaceans: a focus on the harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) at potential marine renewable energy sites in Wales (current)

    Student name:
    Other supervisor: Dr Richard Unsworth
  • 'Local and Regional variability of Indo-Pacific Seagrass Fish Assemblages' (awarded 2018)

    Student name:
    Other supervisor: Dr Richard Unsworth