Professor Dan Eastwood
Telephone: (01792) 513003
Email: JavaScript is required to view this email address.
Room: Academic Office - 102
First Floor
Wallace Building
Singleton Campus

I am interested in understanding how higher fungi grow, exploit resources in their environment and make mushrooms. I mainly employ molecular tools (genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics) in my research combined with traditional microbiological and biochemical analysis.

I have been involved in many genome research programmes of saprotrophic wood decay fungi working closely with the Joint Genome Institute, Walnut Creek, California, and led the dry rot fungus (Serpula lacrymans) sequencing project. The main findings have focused on the evolution of wood decay mechanisms, particularly the convergent evolution of the brown rot decay mode.

My current research uses genome sequenced saprotrophs to study the interaction between competing fungi during wood decay, considering the succession from primary through to tertiary decomposers and how environmental change might affect these processes.

I have worked extensively with the cultivated button mushroom, Agaricus bisporus, investigating mushroom development in response to environmental triggers, regulation of postharvest quality, flavour development and controlling mushroom virus X disease. I built on this expertise to assess the potential of wood decay fungi in a novel low input biorefinery model to generate high value chemical products from lignin decomposition.

I also supervise research students investigating the control of invasive plants, particularly Japanese knotweed, and the interaction between rare sand dune-inhabiting orchid species and rhizosphere microorganisms. Since joining Swansea University, I have enjoyed working with colleagues on diverse projects from the mechanisms of killing by entomopathogenic fungi, fish transcriptomics and diseases of crustaceans.

Areas of Expertise

  • Fungal Biology
  • Genomics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Transcriptomics
  • Agaricus bisporus
  • Serpula lacrymans
  • Wood decomposition
  • Biofuels and biorefineries


  1. Hyde, K., Al-Hatmi, A., Andersen, B., Boekhout, T., Buzina, W., Dawson, T., Eastwood, D., Jones, E., de Hoog, S., Kang, Y., Longcore, J., McKenzie, E., Meis, J., Pinson-Gadais, L., Rathnayaka, A., Richard-Forget, F., Stadler, M., Theelen, B., Thongbai, B., Tsui, C. The world’s ten most feared fungi Fungal Diversity 93 1 161 194
  2. Nurika, I., Eastwood, D., Barker, G., Eastwood, D. A comparison of ergosterol and PLFA methods for monitoring the growth of ligninolytic fungi during wheat straw solid state cultivation Journal of Microbiological Methods 148 49 54
  3. O'Leary, J., Eastwood, D., Müller, C., Boddy, L. Emergent properties arising from spatial heterogeneity influence fungal community dynamics Fungal Ecology 33 32 39
  4. O'Leary, J., Hiscox, J., Eastwood, D., Savoury, M., Langley, A., McDowell, S., Rogers, H., Boddy, L., Müller, C. The whiff of decay: Linking volatile production and extracellular enzymes to outcomes of fungal interactions at different temperatures Fungal Ecology 39 336 348
  5. Jones, D., Bruce, G., Fowler, M., Law-Cooper, R., Graham, I., Abel, A., Street-Perrott, F., Eastwood, D., Eastwood, D. Optimising physiochemical control of invasive Japanese knotweed Biological Invasions

See more...


  • BIO239 Ecological Microbiology and the Cycles of Life

    This module provides an introduction into how microbes impact the world we see around us. Lectures and laboratory-based practicals will explore how microbes occupy almost every environment on the planet and drive the elemental cycles (carbon, nitrogen, phosphorous) on which all life relies. Lectures will cover microbial diversity and adaptations to extreme environments, elemental cycling in terrestrial and aquatic systems, and interactions with plants and animals. Practicals will develop this learning to investigate specific ecological examples of dynamic microbial communities.

  • BIO340 Professional Laboratory Skills

    Professional Laboratory Skills is a module that provides students with the opportunity to gain practical experience of fundamental and advanced laboratory techniques in the broad area of biomolecular sciences. BIO340 consists of four intense laboratory sessions: two conducted in the wet-lab and two conducted in the computer lab. This blend of in vitro and in silico experimentation reflects the skills needed by modern biology graduates. Each session will have a theme: (1) protein biochemistry, (2) in silico structural manipulations, (3) PCR-techniques and gel electrophoresis, (4) Bioinformatics. Students will examine the structure-function relationship of a conserved, yet functionally diverse, family of proteins. Such proteins are found in plants, animals (including invertebrates) and microorganisms. [It should be noted that this module runs out of term time (usually early September), in a similar manner to residential field courses]

  • PTB103 Invasive Plants: Identification, Ecology and Control

    Invasive plants, such as Japanese knotweed, Himalayan balsam and Parrot's feather, can have serious economic and environmental consequences. This course will teach the professional learner how to identify common invasive plant species found in Wales. The syllabus will cover the ecology of invasive plant species and will provide up-to-date information on current legislation and control/management strategies for these species. This course provides practical training, through a combination of e-learning, face-to-face teaching, hands-on participation (laboratory work and fieldwork) and reading.


  • Exploring protein expression in antagonistic wood decay fungal interactions (current)

    Other supervisor: Dr Mike Fowler
  • Enhancing Japanese knotweed control and long-term site restoration post-treatment (current)

    Other supervisor: Dr Iain Robertson
  • Understanding fungal wood decay using multi’omic approaches (current)

    Other supervisor: Dr Almudena Ortiz-Urquiza
  • Comparative analysis of Ixodes ricinus chemosensory receptors (current)

    Other supervisor: Dr Almudena Ortiz-Urquiza
  • Biomass and plastic utilisation and valorisation through the use of electrocatalysis. (current)

    Other supervisor: Dr Moritz Kuehnel
  • Relative roles of genetic and epigenetic variation on the ecology and evolution of mangrove killifishes (Kryptolebias spp.) (awarded 2020)

    Other supervisor: Prof Carlos Garcia De Leaniz
    Other supervisor: Prof Sofia Consuegra Del Olmo
  • Micro RNA-mediated epigenetic regulation of fungal pathology of insect hosts. (awarded 2019)

    Other supervisor: Prof Tariq Butt
  • Synergies between aquatic invasive species (awarded 2019)

    Other supervisor: Prof Sofia Consuegra Del Olmo
    Other supervisor: Prof Carlos Garcia De Leaniz
  • The Forgotten Ecosystem Engineers: Community and Functional Ecology of Pioneer Wood Decay Fungi in the Canopy of Beech Trees (awarded 2019)

    Other supervisor: Dr Mike Fowler
  • ''Assessment of dune slack mycorrhizal fungi associated with Liparis loeselii (Fen orchid) to aid conservation'' (awarded 2018)

    Other supervisor: Mrs Suzy Moody
  • Bioactive volatile and secretory metabolites of the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium (awarded 2018)

    Other supervisor: Prof Tariq Butt
  • 'Whose wood is it anyway? Interspecific interactions between saprotrophic Agaricomycetes and the impact on wood decomposition' (awarded 2018)

    Other supervisor: Dr Ed Dudley

Administrative Responsibilities

  • Programme Director - Department of Biosciences

    2013 - Present

Career History

Start Date End Date Position Held Location
2012 Present Senior lecturer Swansea University
2011 2012 Lead Tutor APT Bioscience Swansea University
2008 2011 Senior research fellow University of Warwick
2004 2008 Postdoctoral research fellow University of Warwick
1998 2003 Postdoctoral research fellow at Horticulture Research Int. Wellesbourne, Warwickshire
1993 1997 Ph.D. Environmental Microbiology University of Liverpool
1991 1993 First Class B.Sc. (Hons.) Microbiology University of Liverpool