Introduction to Molecular Biology
This module will provide the learner with an introduction to molecular biology, classification of species and its
applications in medical science. The concept of evolution and sexual reproduction and development will also be
covered, and the processes of inheritance and genetic variation, particularly with regard to evolution and natural
selection. This module will be supported by a practical session and essay with academic support on a topic
relevant to the medical applications of molecular biology.
Skills for Medical Sciences
The aim of this module is to provide the student with basic skills required for laboratory research in the field of applied medical sciences. The module will be both theoretical and applied: the student will be instructed in methods essential for data acquisition and analyses but will also actively participate in the laboratory, using broadly applicable experimental techniques. They will also develop skills that are not experimental techniques themselves, but are nevertheless fundamental to the scientific process, such as `lab math,¿ sourcing information, referencing, ethics and health and safety.
Sgiliau ar gyfer Gwyddorau Meddygol
Nod y modiwl hwn yw darparu¿r sgiliau sylfaenol sydd eu hangen ar fyfyrwyr ar gyfer ymchwil labordy ym maes y gwyddorau meddygol cymhwysol. Bydd y modiwl yn cynnwys gwaith damcaniaethol a chymhwysol: caiff y myfyriwr ei hyfforddi mewn dulliau sy¿n hanfodol ar gyfer caffael data a¿i ddadansoddi, ond bydd hefyd yn cymryd rhan weithredol yn y labordy, gan ddefnyddio¿n fras y technegau arbrofol perthnasol. Byddant hefyd yn datblygu sgiliau nad ydynt yn dechnegau arbrofol yn eu hunain, ond sydd er hynny, yn sylfaenol i¿r broses wyddonol, megis, mathemateg y labordy¿, cyrchu gwybodaeth, cyfeirnodi, moeseg ac iechyd a diogelwch.
This module will help to discover the anatomy of the human body in a systems based approach (cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, musculo-skeletal, respiratory and nervous systems). Anatomy is a fundamental science and supports many areas of biology and medicine. As such, the topics chosen for this module are those most useful to other areas of biological science, with clinical significance. This module will be delivered through lectures and practical classes with demonstrators leading practical and self-studying activities. Support materials and laboratory space for self-directed learning, including prosections, plastic anatomical models, bones and skeletons, and computer based anatomical models will be available.
The Dose Makes the Poison: Intro to Toxicology and Dose Response
We are surrounded by substances that may do our bodies harm ¿ poisons. The harm these poisons causes depends on our exposure - the dose. The science of toxicology, a discipline that crosscuts biology, chemistry, pharmacology, and medicine, is based on the principle that the dose makes the poison.
This module will provide you with an introduction to toxicology and how dose-response relationships relate to the physiological effects of toxic substances. You will explore how they produce cellular and chemical changes that cause tissues and organs to malfunction. You will learn how the structure and function of these tissues can be affected to varying degrees and begin to understand how tissue may repair itself and when the damage is permanent or fatal.
Human and Medical Genetics
The course is designed to introduce fundamental concepts in the study of human genetics with particular reference to the application of the principles to medicine. The course covers the role of genetics in human health and disease and methods for the detection of genetic variability in human populations.
Infectious Disease and Parasitology
The course will build on the fundamentals of microbiology and introduce new topics in bacteriology, mycology and parasitology. Level 5 Immunology (PM-249) is a pre-requisite. The course covers the fundamentals of infectious diseases, including clinical aspects, treatment / prevention, and experimental approaches to the study of infectious and parasitic organisms. The course will also cover topics including disease outbreaks, beneficial parasites, tropical disease and behaviour-modifying parasites.
Clefydau Heintus a Pharasitoleg
Bydd y cwrs yn adeiladu ar sylfeini microbioleg ac yn cyflwyno pynciau newydd ym meysydd bacterioleg, mycoleg a pharasitoleg. Mae Imiwnoleg Lefel 5 (PM-249) yn rhagofyniad. Mae'r cwrs yn ymdrin ag egwyddorion sylfaenol clefydau heintus, gan gynnwys agweddau clinigol, triniaeth/atal, ac ymagweddau arbrofol at astudio organebau heintus a pharasitig. Bydd y cwrs hefyd yn ymdrin â phynciau gan gynnwys achosion o glefydau, parasitiaid buddiol, clefydau trofannol a pharasitiaid sy'n effeithio ar ymddygiad.
Contemporary themes and techniques in medical sciences
This module aims to give students an overview of current and emerging themes in medical sciences, both from clinical and laboratory perspectives. This will cover topics generating high media interest, such as the zika virus and alternative methods of transplantation as well as new laboratory techniques. In addition, the module will be supported by two practical classes for which students will be required to conduct mini-projects based around the identification of patient samples and how these are presented as research cases. The module will also involve a one-day "conference", during which students will present data while experiencing a research conference atmosphere.
Themâu a thechnegau cyfoes yn y gwyddorau meddygol
Nod y modiwl hwn yw rhoi trosolwg i fyfyrwyr o'r themâu presennol a'r rhai sy'n datblygu yn y gwyddorau meddygol, o safbwynt clinigol a'r labordy. Bydd yn ymdrin â phynciau sy'n denu sylw sylweddol yn y cyfryngau, megis y firws Zika a dulliau trawsblannu amgen yn ogystal â thechnegau labordy newydd. Yn ogystal, ategir y modiwl gan ddau ddosbarth ymarferol - disgwylir i fyfyrwyr ymgymryd â phrosiectau bach ar sail dadansoddi samplau cleifion, a sut caiff y rhain eu cyflwyno fel astudiaethau ymchwil. Bydd y modiwl hefyd yn cynnwys 'cynhadledd' undydd pan fydd myfyrwyr yn cyflwyno data ac yn cael profiad o awyrgylch cynhadledd ymchwil.
Genes on Drugs: Pharmacogenomics
Genes affect how the body reacts to drugs as well as how they are absorbed, metabolized and eliminated.
You will learn how variation in genes encoding proteins involved in these processes affect how drugs work ¿ or don¿t ¿ therapeutically. By understanding these factors, you will gain insight into the emerging field of personalized medicine and learn how individualized drug design and selection can improve therapeutic efficacy, safety and sustainability.
The course is designed to provide an advanced study of the identification of human genes and the determination of the influence of human genes upon disease and health status. Gene identification provides targets for the development of new pharmaceuticals and the range of variation present in the population.
Biomolecular Research Project
Genetics of Cancer
This module will provide students with an advanced understanding about the genetic mechanisms involved in carcinogenesis, and how these underlying processes and molecules affect the human body.
Advances in Pharmacology
Pharmacology is the science of how drugs act on the body and how the body acts on drugs. Pharmacology investigates the chemical and physical properties of drugs, how those properties confer actions on living tissues and how those actions affect health and disease. The beneficial, therapeutic effects of drugs will be discussed, but also some negative consequences of drug administration, such as toxicity, addiction and microbial drug-resistance.
The aim of this module is to provide a capstone experience to students¿ learning, through participating in their own enquiry-based research project. Depending on the student's employability strand within the programme, the project may be laboratory, data, or education-based, but it will always involve a research question that is drawn from the literature, focused on a topic relevant to medical science. It will ask a novel research question and involve the critical analysis of research findings. Students will refine their oral and written communication skills to a graduate level through creating an introductory presentation on the project background, and a written dissertation and oral presentation on their research conclusions.
Nanomaterials are comprised of very small particles that provide many of the products we use increased strength, chemical reactivity or conductivity. They can also be the by-product of e.g. industrial processes or they can occur naturally, as with soot from forest fires or volcanic ash. The particles range in size from approximately 1 to 100 nanometres; that is 1 / 1,000,000,000th of a metre. Due to their small size they can readily enter our bodies through a number of exposure routes, of which inhalation, ingestion or absorption through the skin, as well as injection into the circulation are dominant. These particles have unique properties compared to their larger counterparts and we are only beginning to understand what their health effects may be. The purpose of this module is to give an introduction into the field of nanoscience, nanotechnology and the potential risks posed by this new Industrial Age to humans.
Cancer remains a significant cause of mortality in the modern world. Current and emerging chemotherapies, and the rationale, experimental, and clinical evidence of the pathways or molecules targeted will be explored. Causes of treatment-related side effects, and the therapies used to address these, will be discussed along with the mechanisms that lead to anti-cancer drug resistance.
This module will encompass a range of communication modes, from presentation of science to the general public to making a pitch for funding to `investors¿
The module will be run as a series of online seminars to prepare, firstly, for
a short 3 minute thesis-like presentations to both a professional and non-professional audience.
This will be complemented by preparation of short, New Scientist-style articles by each student on the topic of their presentation. Students will be assigned a topic that is appropriate to their degree title.
For example, a Medical Geneticist could address recent advances in gene therapy. Subsequently, their task will be
to produce a pitch to attract investment to commercialise their research. In the latter half of the module, the focus will be on skills-training for writing a scientific paper, preparing the ground for their project dissertations.
Molecular Pathology of Cancer and Application in Cancer Diagnosis, Screening, and Treatment
This module covers the molecular mechanisms that underlie cancer development, growth and metastasis, and the differences between different cancers. It will explore the different molecular and cellular actions of anti-cancer treatments, the genomic factors affecting response and resistance to treatment, and the research approaches to anti-cancer drug design and development. Broad situations which confer a high cancer risk to a person and/or to other members of the same family will be discussed in the context of how genomic information may be integrated into cancer screening programmes. This module will prepare the students to interrogate the cancer data sets from the 100,000 Genomes Project as well as to interrogate cancer genomic datasets in general.
The module is for students to build on their previous knowledge, skills and experience by undertaking a medical genomics research project.
Pharmacogenomics & Stratified Healthcare
Pharmacogenomics and stratified health care ensure that healthcare professionals offer the 'right treatment, for the right person, at the right time¿ is a fast-developing area. `Personalised medicine¿ is the buzzword of the moment, with advances in pharmacogenomic testing enabling more effective, targeted therapies to patients in the field of asthma, analgesia, oncology and beyond.
Continued understanding of the genomic basis of drug response will reduce drug-related adverse effects, save costs, and ensure a better therapeutic outcome. This module will provide a comprehensive overview of the analytical strategies and techniques used in pharmacogenomics and explore some of the challenges and limitations in this field. The module will also provide an overview of the different type of pharmacogenomic biomarkers currently in use or emerging and the current feasibility of delivering `personalised medicine¿ in the clinic.