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The module deals with the electronic structure of atoms and its chemical consequences. It introduces quantum numbers, describes the basis of the periodic table; introduces molecular orbital theory, and chemical bonding and structure. Trends in the chemistry of the elements are considered in relation to their electronic structure. The principles underlying the chemistry of the transition metals are also introduced.
The module deals with the basic principles of organic chemistry, and the reactions of simple aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons. Two aspects which are particularly emphasised are the stereochemistry of organic compounds and the mechanisms of organic reactions.
This module deals with the principles and practice of analytical chemistry and gives an introduction to a number of important instrumental techniques in analytical chemistry for both quantitative and qualitative analysis and structure elucidation.
In this module students are introduced to the organic chemistry of organic molecules with functional groups containing oxygen, sulfur, nitrogen and halogens. Concepts such as electronegativity differences, bonding characteristics, electronic, steric, and solvation effects are used to rationalise the chemistry of functional groups. The characteristics and experimental evidence for the key mechanisms of SN1, SN2, E1 and E2 reactions are discussed. The use of "curly arrows" to identify mechanistic pathways is described. The chemistry of the following functional groups are discussed in detail: alcohols, alkyl halides, ethers, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, esters. The use of spectroscopic data in studying functional group transformations is discussed.