DSc Eng, PhD, MSc, BEng, Euro Ing, CEng, FIChemE, FLSW

Research interests lie broadly in the identification of innovative and cost-effective solutions to real world process engineering problems within the fields of water treatment, membrane technology and the engineering applications of atomic force microscopy.

Developed a highly successful research portfolio pursuing high quality curiosity-driven and strategically significant research. Established a very wide range of international research collaborations.

Current research areas:

Water treatment
Novel membrane separation processes
Membrane nanotechnology
Application of atomic force microscopy (AFM) to chemical and process engineering

Internationally recognised as a world-leader in developing and applying the force measurement capability of AFM to the study of membrane surfaces.

Research has produced several breakthrough innovations, including:

Development of novel membranes
Smallest AFM colloid probe reported in the literature
First AFM coated colloid probe technique
First AFM cell probe technique
First direct measurements of the interaction of single live cells with surfaces
First use of the atomic force microscope in meso-scale cavitation studies
All these techniques/technologies have widespread applications in process optimisation and the development of novel processes.

Highly active in finding multidisciplinary, collaborative applications of atomic force microscopy and process engineering. For example, current projects range from rheology of colloidal suspensions and superspreading with nano-scale interactions to fabrication of re-usable materials based on mineral particulates. This approach has been highly successful in attracting both significant funding from EPSRC and industrial interest.


  1. & Thin Film Nanocomposite (TFN) membranes modified with polydopamine coated metals/carbon-nanostructures for desalination applications. Desalination 427, 60-74.
  2. & Osmotic's potential: An overview of draw solutes for forward osmosis. Desalination
  3. & State of the Art Review on Membrane Surface Characterization: Visualisation, Verification and Quantification of Membrane Properties. Desalination
  4. & Modelling of Air gap membrane distillation and its application in heavy metals removal. Desalination 424, 27-36.
  5. & Nanofiltration membranes and processes: A review of research trends over the past decade. Journal of Water Process Engineering 19, 164-171.

See more...


  • Development of a 3D parallel solution algorithm for filtration process (current)

    Student name:
    Other supervisor: Prof Oubay Hassan
  • The electro spinning of novel membranes used in water treatment to minimise biofouling (current)

    Student name:
    Other supervisor: Dr Christopher Wright
  • The development of novel membranes with improved mechanical and antifouling performance (current)

    Student name:
    Other supervisor: Dr Christopher Wright
  • The development of novel electrospun membranes (current)

    Student name:
    Other supervisor: Dr Christopher Wright
  • Oil-water separation using ceramic membranes (current)

    Student name:
    Other supervisor: Dr Darren Oatley-Radcliffe
  • Periodical Electrolysis for anti-fouling membranes (current)

    Student name:
    Other supervisor: Dr Paolo Bertoncello
  • Optimisation of forward osmosis system (current)

    Student name:
    Other supervisor: Dr Christopher Wright

External Responsibilities

  • Editor-in-Chief, International journal Desalination

    2009 - Present

  • Provost and Chief Academic Officer, Masdar Institute in Abu Dhabi

    2013 - 2013

  • Director of the Centre for Clean Water Technologies, University of Nottingham

    2003 - 2010

  • Guest Editor, Advances in Colloid and Interface Science

    2011 - 2011

  • Advisor, Royal Society of New Zealand on Desalination

    2009 - 2010

  • Member of Scientific Advisory Board, Lifeboat Foundation, USA

    2007 - Present

  • Chairman, 1st International Conference on Desalination Using membrane tech

    2013 - 2013

  • Chairman, 1st International Conference on Desalination and Environment

    2011 - 2011

  • Co-chairman, Research events at University of Oxford on Water and Membranes

    2010 - 2010

  • Co-chairman, Research events at University of Oxford on Water and Membranes

    2006 - 2006

  • Major contributions to discussion panels on global water issues , Includes "Home Planet" and "The Material World" for BBC radio 4

    0 - Present

  • Chair of Advisory Board, King Abdul Aziz University, Centre of Excellence in Desalination Technology (CEDT)

    2010 - 2011

  • Scientific Advisor, Alfaisal University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

    2008 - 2009

  • Visiting Professor, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

    2013 - 2013

  • Member, Royal Society-DFID Africa Capacity Building Panel

    2013 - 2016

  • Senior Research Director, Qatar Foundation

    2014 - 2016

  • Chairman, 2nd International Conference on Desalination and Environment

    2016 - 2016

  • Chairman, 2nd International Conference on Desalination Using membrane tech

    2015 - 2015

  • Executive Chair, International Conference on Application of Nanotechnology

    2013 - 2013

  • PAC member, The Middle East Desalination Research Center (MEDRC)

    2004 - Present

  • Member of Advisors Board , Arab Healthy Water Association (AHWA)

    2004 - Present

Awards And Prizes

Date Description
2005 Doctor of Science Degree (DSc), Swansea University
2003 Elected Fellow of the Institution of Chemical Engineers (FIChemE)
2005 Prestigious Kuwait Prize of Applied Science for Water Resources Development
2013 Elected Fellow of the Learned Society of Wales (FLSW)
1997 Registered European Engineer (Euro Ing)


  • Water, water everywhere? The Telegraph, 20th  June 2014.
  • The Water Challenge – Why Desalination Technology. The Environmental Technology Online,        5th  June 2014.
  • Interview with Sky news Arabia on 15th January 2013.
  • Interview with Utilities Middle East Magazine on “The membrane Advantage”. July 2012.    
  • His work has been chosen to be on show at British Museum (Science Museum). “Water Wars: Fight the food crisis”. Launched October 2011
  • Interviewed by the Royal Society of Chemistry for their newsletter “InfoChem”, issue 129 “Water for Life”, June 2011.
  • Interview with Okaz newspaper, Saudi Arabia, published in September 2009.
  • Interview with BBC Radio 4. “Material World” Programme, broadcast on 15th June 2006. Discussion about Desalination, water re-use and the proposed plant on the Thames
  • Interview with Vision Magazine, published by the University of Nottingham. April 2006
  • Interview with Arab Economics newspaper “Al-Iqtissadia”. Volume 257, 6th August 2006
  • Interview with BBC Radio 4. “Home Planet” Programme, broadcast on 20th July 2004.