My research considers the impact work hours have upon the health and safety of the employee. One of my main areas of study is the role of circadian rhythms in relation to the effects of shiftworking. I have published several papers looking at how various aspects of shift system design impact upon sleep, alertness on-shift and well-being. I also research other non-circadian aspects of work scheduling, such as the timing and distribution of rest breaks, long work hours, innovative work schedules (i.e. time banks) and the impact of freetime activities on recovery from work.

My research involves a range of methodological approaches, such large scale questionnaire surveys, epidemiological analysis of accident data, field studies of using both objective and subjective measures of sleep, stress and cognitive performance. Most recently, my research has focused on shiftwork in relation to a number of topics including aging; diet and the development of metabolic syndrome; doctors’ working time arrangements; work time control.

Publications

  1. & Author response to “Time of day of cognitive tests might distort shift-work study results”. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 72(5), 382-382.
  2. & Work time control, sleep & accident risk: A prospective cohort study. Chronobiology International, 1-11.
  3. & Quick returns and night work as predictors of sleep quality, fatigue, work–family balance and satisfaction with work hours. Chronobiology International 33(6), 759-767.
  4. & The new junior doctors’ contract: an occupational health and safety perspective. Occupational Medicine 66(9), 686-688.
  5. & Investigating the factorial structure and availability of work time control in a representative sample of the Swedish working population. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health 44(3), 320-328.

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Teaching

  • PS-117 Statistics and Research Methods

    Statistics and experimental methods are at the heart of the empirical discipline of psychology and this module introduces students to selecting and conducting simple statistical tests. Through hands-on practical classes and workshops this teaches how to design studies, collect data, understand ethical issues, and use both parametric and nonparametric quantitative methods to test hypotheses. Students will also learn how to prepare a practical report and discuss and interpret experimental data.

  • PSA117 Statistics and Research Methods for Joint Honours

    Statistics and experimental methods are at the heart of the empirical discipline of psychology and this module introduces students to selecting and conducting simple statistical tests. Through hands-on practical classes and workshops this teaches how to design studies, collect data, understand ethical issues, and use both parametric and nonparametric quantitative methods to test hypotheses. Students will also learn how to prepare a practical report and discuss and interpret experimental data.

  • PSY320 Dissertation

    This optional module provides students with the opportunity to conduct an extended literature review to discover what is currently known about an interesting, but less well known, area of psychology that is not taught as part of the psychology curriculum in Level 5 or 6. Students work independently, guided by their dissertation supervisor, to research a topic of their choice. In recent years students have written dissertations about `political psychology¿, `positive psychology¿ `why people take part in extreme sports¿, `does cannabis use cause schizophrenia¿ and many other diverse lines of enquiry.

  • PSY360 Work Psychology

    The module will look at how psychology can be applied in order understand behavior in the workplace and to promote health, wellbeing and safety in the workplace. Topics covered will include job-stress, the human factors behind accidents at work, the design of the work environment, the effects on non-standard work hours (i.e. shiftwork), team working, leadership and decision making. There will be an emphasis on building bridges between the theoretical underpinnings of how understand behaviour in the workplace and translating this knowledge into practical solutions for organizations and their employees. It will draw up real-life examples of incidents and situations that illustrate the topics under consideration. Another important focus will be the evaluation of methods of study, so as to inform our interpretation of research findings their potential for application in real-world settings.

External Responsibilities

Key Grants and Projects

  • Analysis of data from the VISAT project on ageing, health and work 2009 - 2011

    Institute of Occupational Safety & Health, with S. Folkard

  • The impact of working time arrangements on fatigue among junior doctors in Wales 2007 - 2008

    Wales Office of Research & Development for Health and Social Care, with S. Folkard