Advanced manufacturing encompasses the wide range of processes that consist of ‘3D printing’ of metallic materials. This can include such powder bed methods as Electron Beam Melting (EBM) and Direct Laser Deposition (DLD), two modern build technologies that offer significant potential for lean manufacture and a capability to produce near-net shaped final components. A key limitation of these techniques is microstructural control in relation to a number of key process variables. For instance the manufacture of intricate geometries will result in variable thermal cycles and thus a transient microstructure throughout, leading to a highly textured structure. As such, successful implementation of these technologies requires a comprehensive assessment of the relationships of the key process variables, geometries, resultant microstructures and mechanical properties. The nature of these processes suggest that it is often difficult to produce representative test specimens in order to achieve a full mechanical property characterisation. Therefore, the use of small scale test techniques may be exploited, specifically the small punch (SP) test. The SP test offers a capability for sampling miniaturised test specimens from various discrete locations, allowing a full characterisation across a complex component. In addition, SP results may be tentatively correlated to more conventional test approaches. Ongoing research aims to provide support in working towards development and validation strategies in order for advanced manufactured components to be safely implemented in future gas turbine applications. This research is funded by EPSRC and Rolls-Royce as part of the Strategic Partnership in Structural Materials.