Bohls, Elizabeth A., ‘Aesthetics and Orientalism in Lady Mary Wortley Montagu's Letters’, Studies in Eighteenth Century Culture 23 (1994), 179 205

Dobie, Madeleine. 1994. ‘Embodying Oriental Women: Representation and Voyeurism in Montesquieu, Montagu and Ingres’. Cincinnati Romance Review. 13. 51-60.

Grundy, Isobel. 1999. Lady Mary Wortley Montagu. New York: Clarendon Press.

Halsband, Robert ed., 1966, 1966, 1967. The Complete Letters of Lady Mary Worley Montagu. Volume I, 1708-1720, Volume II, 1721-1751, Volume III, 1752-1762. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Halsband, Robert, 1956. The Life of Lady Mary Wortley Montagu. New York: Oxford University Press.

Lowenthal, Cynthia, 1990. The Veil of Romance: Lady Mary's Embassy Letters. Eighteenth-Century Life. Feb. v14(1) p66-82.

Shaw, Jane, ‘Gender and the “Nature” of Religion: Lady Mary Wortley Montagu’s Embassy Letters and their Place in Enlightenment Philosophy of Religion’, Bulletin of the John Rylands University Library of Manchester 80.3 (1998), 129-45

Sherman, Sandra. 1995. ‘Instructing the ‘Empire of Beauty’: Lady Mary Wortley Montagu and the Politics of Female Rationality”. South-Atlantic Review, Atlanta; 60. 1-26.

Including information on Lady Mary:

Bohls, Elizabeth A., Women Travel Writers and the Language of Aesthetics 1716-1818 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995)

Hamalian, Leo, 1981, Ladies on the Loose: Women travellers of the 18th and 19th centuries. New York: Dodd, Mead.

Hunting Smith, Warren, 1952. Originals Abroad: The Foreign Careers of Some Eighteenth-Century Britons. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Knipp, Charles C. 1974. ‘Types of Orientalism in Eighteenth-Century England’. Dissertation Abstracts International, vol. 35, 1974 p2944A-45A.

Newbt, Eric, 1985. A book of Travellers’ Tales. London: Collins.


The Veil:

A Veiled revolution [video recording] / Elizabeth Fernea, producer ; Marilyn Gaunt, director. -- New York, NY : Icarus Films, c1982. [In 1923, revolutionary Egyptian women were the first to publicly cast off the veil. Wearing Western dress, they demanded rights for women, the vote, and equal education. Yet today, the old feminists look on with dismay as their granddaughters reject Western dress, putting the veil back on again... Regression or revolution?"]

Alieza, Marianne, At the Drop of a Veil, 1971, 1991, Houghton.

Bodman and Tohidi, Women in Muslim Societies: Diversity within unity, Boulder: Lynn Rienner Publisher, 1998.

Boer, Inge E. ‘Despotism form Under the Veil: Masculine and Feminine Readings of the Despot and the Haremin Cultural Critique, 1996, winter, pp. 43-73.

El Guindi, Fadwa, Veil: Modesty, Privacy and Resistance. Berg Publishers, 1999. [Anthropology of Islamic veiling].

Gole, Nilufer, The Forbidden Modern: Civilization and Veiling. University of Michigan Press 1996.

Hammami, Rema. Women, the Hijab and the Intifada. Middle East Report, No. 164/165, Intifada Year Three. (May - Aug., 1990), pp. 24-28+71+78.

Mernissi, Farima. The Veil and the Male Elite, A Feminist Interpretation of Women's Rights in Islam, New York: Addison Wesley Publishing Company, 1991.

Mernissi, Fatima. 1975. Beyond the Veil: Male-Female Dynamics in Modern Muslim Society. Cambridge: Mass.

Murphy, Robert F. Social Distance and the Veil. American Anthropologist, New Series, Vol. 66, No. 6, Part 1. (Dec., 1964), pp. 1257-1274.

Nanneke Redclift and M. Thea Sinclair (eds). ‘Return to the Veil: Personal Strategy to Public Participation in Egypt’ in Working Women: International Perspectives on Labour and Gender Ideology. London: Routledge, 1991.

Sharma, Ursula M. Women and Their Affines: The Veil as a Symbol of Separation. Man, New Series, Vol. 13, No. 2. (Jun., 1978), pp. 218-233.


Ahmed, Leila, Women and Gender in Islam: Historical Roots of a Modern Debate, 1992, Yale University Press.

Al-Hibri, Azizah ed., Women and Islam. Pergamon Press. 1982.

Antoun, Richard T. On the Modesty of Women in Arab Muslim Villages: A Study in the Accommodation of Traditions. American Anthropologist, New Series, Vol. 70, No. 4. (Aug., 1968), pp. 671-697.

Brooks, Geraldine, Nine Parts of Desire: The Hidden World of Islamic Women. 1995, Anchor Books Doubleday.

Delaney, C. "Untangling the meanings of hair in Turkish Society." Anthropological Quarterly. 67:4 (Oct. 1994) pp. 159-172.

Delaney, C. 1940. The Seed and the Soil: Gender and Cosmology in Turkish Village Society. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Dorsky, Susan, 1946. Women of `Amran: a Middle Eastern ethnographic study. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press.

Fernea, Elizabeth Warnock. In search of Islamic Feminism: one woman's global journey. New York: Doubleday, 1998.

Fernea, Elizabeth Warnock. Women and the Family in the Middle East: New Voices of Change. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Keddie, Nikki R. Problems in the Study of Middle Eastern Women. International Journal of Middle East Studies, Vol. 10, No. 2. (May, 1979), pp. 225-240.

Lobban, Richard (ed). Middle Eastern Women and the Invisible Economy. Gainesville, FL: University of Florida Press, 1998.

Malti-Douglas, Fedwa. Woman's body, Woman's Word: Gender and Discourse in Arabo-Islamic writing. Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press.

Mikhail, Mona. Images of Arab Women: Fact and Fiction: Essays. Washington: Three Continents Press.

Mukhopadhyay, Carol C.and Higgins, Patricia J. Anthropological Studies of Women's Status Revisited: 1977-1987. Annual Review of Anthropology, Vol. 17. (1988), pp. 461-495.

Nelson, Cynthia. Public and Private Politics: Women in the Middle Eastern World. American Ethnologist, Vol. 1, No. 3. (Aug., 1974), pp. 551-563.

Utas, Bo ed., Women in Islamic Societies: Social Attitudes and Historical Perspectives. London: Curzon Press and Atlantic Highlands, N.J.: Humanities Press, 1983.

Walther, Wiebke, Women in Islam: From Medieval to Modern Times, 1993, Marcus Weiner.

White, Jenny B. 1953. Money Makes Us Relatives: Women's Labour in Urban Turkey. Austin: University of Texas Press.


The Ottoman Empire [video recording] A Film for the Humanities and Sciences; Eagle Rock Entertainment; Cromwell Productions, Ltd. -- Princeton, N.J.: Films for the Humanities & Sciences, c1999. (Ancient civilizations).

And, Metin, Culture, Performance, and Communication in Turkey. Tokyo: Institute for the Study of Languages and cultures of Asia and Africa, 1987.

Gilmore, David D. Anthropology of the Mediterranean Area. Annual Review of Anthropology, Vol. 11. (1982), pp. 175-205.

Magnarella, Paul J. and Turkdogan, Orhan. Descent, Affinity, and Ritual Relations in Eastern Turkey. American Anthropologist, New Series, Vol. 75, No. 5. (Oct., 1973), pp. 1626-1633.

Ozdalga, Elisabeth, 1946. The Veiling Issue, Official Secularism and Popular Islam in Modern Turkey. Richmond, Surrey : Curzon.

Stokes, Martin. The Arabesk Debate : Music and Musicians in Modern Turkey. Oxford : Clarendon Press ; Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 1992.

Tapper, Nancy and Richard Tapper. The Birth of the Prophet: Ritual and Gender in Turkish Islam. Man, New Series, Vol. 22, No. 1. (Mar., 1987), pp. 69-92.

OTHER USEFUL BOOKS AND ARTICLES (topics such as orientalism, Islam, and the Middle East):

Firstly – the very useful: Said, Edward W. 1985. Orientalism. Harmondsworth : Penguin

Abu-Lughod, Lila. Zones of Theory in the Anthropology of the Arab World. Annual Review of Anthropology, Vol. 18. (1989), pp. 267-306.

Fleure, H. J. Some Islamic Reactions to Modern Life Round the Eastern Mediterranean (in Royal Anthropological Institute: Proceedings). Man, Vol. 44. (Nov. - Dec., 1944), pp. 144-146.

Hamid el-Zein, Abdul. Beyond Ideology and Theology: The Search for the Anthropology of Islam. Annual Review of Anthropology, Vol. 6. (1977), pp. 227-254.

Horvatich, Patricia. Ways of Knowing Islam. American Ethnologist, Vol. 21, No. 4. (Nov., 1994), pp. 811-826.

Patai, Raphael. 1976. The Arab Mind. New York: Scribners.

Weekes, Richard V. (Ed.) 1984. Muslim Peoples: A World Ethnographic survey. 2nd vol. 2nd edition. Westwood, CN: Greenwood Press.

Young, Ian Dr. 1974. The Private Life of Islam. Allen Lane.