Areas of Expertise

  • Behavioural Genetics
  • Molecular Genetics
  • Epigenetics
  • Social Behaviour
  • Animal Behaviour
  • Parental Care


  1. Morris, J., Cunningham, C., Carrier, D., Cunningham, C. Sexual dimorphism in postcranial skeletal shape suggests male‐biased specialization for physical competition in anthropoid primates Journal of Morphology
  2. Benowitz, K., McKinney, E., Cunningham, C., Moore, A., Cunningham, C. Predictable gene expression related to behavioral variation in parenting Behavioral Ecology 30 2 402 407
  3. Cunningham, C., Ji, L., McKinney, E., Benowitz, K., Schmitz, R., Moore, A., Cunningham, C. Changes of gene expression but not cytosine methylation are associated with male parental care reflecting behavioural state, social context, and individual flexibility The Journal of Experimental Biology jeb.188649
  4. Benowitz, K., McKinney, E., Cunningham, C., Moore, A., Cunningham, C. Relating quantitative variation within a behavior to variation in transcription Evolution 71 8 1999 2009
  5. Christopher, C., Badgett, M., Richard, R., Orlando, R., Allen, A., Cunningham, C. Ethological principles predict the neuropeptides co-opted to influence parenting Nature Communications 8 14225

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  • BIO258 Animal Physiology

    Physiology examines the normal physical and chemical functions of an organism and how these functions interact. Less formally, physiology is the study of ¿how animals work.¿ Whilst physiology spans many levels of biological organization, from cells to organ systems, this module will focus on organ systems. All major organ systems will be discussed. This module will discuss both vertebrate and invertebrate physiology, particularly when they are very different. Emphasis will be placed on understanding how structure and function are interconnected.

  • BIO340 Professional Laboratory Skills

    Professional Laboratory Skills is a module that provides students with the opportunity to gain practical experience of fundamental and advanced laboratory techniques in the broad area of biomolecular sciences. BIO340 consists of four intense laboratory sessions: two conducted in the wet-lab and two conducted in the computer lab. This blend of in vitro and in silico experimentation reflects the skills needed by modern biology graduates. Each session will have a theme: (1) protein biochemistry, (2) in silico structural manipulations, (3) PCR-techniques and gel electrophoresis, (4) Bioinformatics. Students will examine the structure-function relationship of a conserved, yet functionally diverse, family of proteins. Such proteins are found in plants, animals (including invertebrates) and microorganisms. [It should be noted that this module runs out of term time (usually early September), in a similar manner to residential field courses]


  • Anti-viral immunity in the insect disease model, Galleria mellonella. (current)

    Other supervisor: Dr Christopher Coates
  • The application of solid state chromatin Immunoprecipitation (ChIP) for epigenetic profiling of insects. (awarded 2019)

    Other supervisor: Dr Lewis Francis