Journal Articles

  1. Parrott, A. MDMA and mephedrone: current psychobiological models of ‘Ecstasy’ and ‘m-cat’, and future human research needs. Research and Advances in Psychiatry 4 3 1 6
  2. Aguilar, M., García-Pardo, M., Parrott, A. Of mice and men on MDMA: A translational comparison of the neuropsychobiological effects of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (‘Ecstasy’) Brain Research 146556
  3. Mead, J., Parrott, A. Mephedrone and MDMA: A comparative review Brain Research 1735 146740
  4. Wilcockson, T., Pothos, E., Parrott, A. Substance usage intention does not affect attentional bias: implications from Ecstasy/MDMA users and alcohol drinkers Addictive Behaviors 88 175 181
  5. Parrott, A. Mood Fluctuation and Psychobiological Instability: The Same Core Functions Are Disrupted by Novel Psychoactive Substances and Established Recreational Drugs Brain Sciences 8 3 43
  6. Roberts, C., Quednow, B., Montgomery, C., Parrott, A. MDMA and brain activity during neurocognitive performance: An overview of neuroimaging studies with abstinent ‘Ecstasy’ users Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews
  7. Parrott, A., Hayley, A., Downey, L. Recreational stimulants, herbal, and spice cannabis: The core psychobiological processes that underlie their damaging effects Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental 32 3 e2594
  8. Downey, L., Tysse, B., Ford, T., Samuels, A., Wilson, R., Parrott, A. Psychomotor Tremor and Proprioceptive Control Problems in Current and Former Stimulant Drug Users: An Accelerometer Study of Heavy Users of Amphetamine, MDMA, and Other Recreational Stimulants The Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
  9. Ford, T., Hayley, A., Downey, L., Parrott, A. Cannabis: An Overview of its Adverse Acute and Chronic Effects and its Implications Current Drug Abuse Reviews 10 1 6 18
  10. Parrott, A., Downey, L., Roberts, C., Montgomery, C., Bruno, R., Fox, H. Recreational 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine or ‘ecstasy’: Current perspective and future research prospects Journal of Psychopharmacology 31 8 959 966
  11. Parrott, A., Downey, L. Psychoactive drug influences on hair cortisol Psychoneuroendocrinology 81 159
  12. Jones, L., Reed, P., Parrott, A., Reed, P., Parrott, A. Mephedrone and 3,4-methylenedioxy-methamphetamine: Comparative psychobiological effects as reported by recreational polydrug users Journal of Psychopharmacology 30 12 1313 1320
  13. Parrott, A. Oxytocin, cortisol and 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine Behavioural Pharmacology 27 8 649 658
  14. Parrott, A., Drayson, R., Henry, L. Alcohol: drink less and live more. Journal of Alcoholism, Drug Abuse & Substance Dependence. 2 004 005
  15. Singer, L., Moore, D., Min, M., Goodwin, J., Turner, J., Fulton, S., Parrott, A. Motor delays in MDMA (ecstasy) exposed infants persist to 2years Neurotoxicology and Teratology 54 22 28
  16. Parrott, A., Corazza, O., Parrott, A. Novel psychoactive substances: second and third international conferences Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental 30 4 209 212
  17. Parrott, A. The Psychobiological Problems of Continued Nicotine Dependency in E-Cigarette ‘Vapers’. Commentary: “Electronic Cigarettes” Frontiers in Psychiatry 6
  18. Singer, L., Moore, D., Min, M., Goodwin, J., Turner, J., Fulton, S., Parrott, A. Developmental outcomes of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (ecstasy)-exposed infants in the UK Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental 30 4 290 294
  19. May, A., Parrott, A. Greater sexual risk-taking in female and male recreational MDMA/ecstasy users compared with alcohol drinkers: a questionnaire study Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental 30 4 272 275
  20. Downey, L., Sands, H., Jones, L., Clow, A., Evans, P., Stalder, T., Parrott, A. Reduced memory skills and increased hair cortisol levels in recent Ecstasy/MDMA users: significant but independent neurocognitive and neurohormonal deficits Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental 30 3 199 207
  21. Sands, H., Downey, L., Wilson, R., Abbott, L., Tysse, B., Parrott, A., Parrott, A. Mood and Psychomotor Tremor Changes following Acute Caffeine Consumption in Moderate and Minimal Caffeine Consumers Journal of Caffeine Research 5 1 42 49
  22. Parrott, A. Why all stimulant drugs are damaging to recreational users: an empirical overview and psychobiological explanation Human Psychopharmacology 30 213 224
  23. Parrott, A., Sands, H., Jones, L., Clow, A., Evans, P., Downey, L., Stalder, T., Parrott, A. Increased cortisol levels in hair of recent Ecstasy/MDMA users European Neuropsychopharmacology 24 3 369 374
  24. Parrott, A. MDMA is certainly damaging after 25 years of empirical research: a reply and refutation of Doblinet al. (2014) Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental 29 2 109 119
  25. Parrott, A., Moore, D., Turner, J., Goodwin, J., Min, M., Singer, L. MDMA and heightened cortisol: a neurohormonal perspective on the pregnancy outcomes of mothers used ‘Ecstasy’ during pregnancy Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental 29 1 1 7
  26. Parrott, A. The Potential Dangers of Using MDMA for Psychotherapy Journal of Psychoactive Drugs 46 1 37 43
  27. Turner, J., Parrott, A., Goodwin, J., Moore, D., Fulton, S., Min, M., Singer, L. Psychiatric profiles of mothers who take Ecstasy/MDMA during pregnancy: Reduced depression 1 year after giving birth and quitting Ecstasy Journal of Psychopharmacology 28 1 55 61
  28. Parrott, A., Corazza, O., Schifano, F., Griffiths, M., Sedefov, R., Gallegos , A., Murray, R., Demotrovics, R., Curran, V., Bersani, G., Singer, L. Second International Conference on Novel Psychoactive Substances (NPSs): keynote addresses and conference abstracts. Open Addiction Journal 255 256
  29. Parrott, A., Young, L. Saturday night fever in ecstasy/MDMA dance clubbers: Heightened body temperature and associated psychobiological changes Temperature 1 3 214 219
  30. Wilson, R., Grundy, E., Massy, R., Soltis, J., Tysse, B., Holton, M., Cai, Y., Parrott, A., Downey, L., Qasem, L., Butt, T., Parrott, A. Wild state secrets: ultra-sensitive measurement of micro-movement can reveal internal processes in animals Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 12 10 582 587
  31. Parrott, A., Montgomery, C., Wetherell, M., Downey, L., Stough, C., Scholey, A. MDMA, cortisol, and heightened stress in recreational ecstasy users Behavioural Pharmacology 1
  32. Heim, D., Parrott, A. Addiction: Not just brain malfunction Nature 507 7490 40 40
  33. Corazza, O., Schifano, F., Parrott, A. Novel psychoactive substances: first international conference Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental 28 4 287 288
  34. Parrott, A. Human psychobiology of MDMA or ‘Ecstasy’: an overview of 25 years of empirical research Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental 28 4 289 307
  35. Parrott, A. MDMA, serotonergic neurotoxicity, and the diverse functional deficits of recreational ‘Ecstasy’ users Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews 37 8 1466 1484
  36. Parrott, A., Lock, J., Adnum, L., Thome, J., Parrott, A. MDMA can increase cortisol levels by 800% in dance clubbers Journal of Psychopharmacology 27 1 113 114
  37. Parrott, A. MDMA and 5-HT neurotoxicity: the empirical evidence for its adverse effects in humans - no need for translation British Journal of Pharmacology 166 5 1518 1520
  38. Parrott, A., Murphy, P., Scholey, A., Parrott, A. Applied human psychopharmacology: the practical psychobiological consequences of some novel and ancient psychoactive drugs Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental 27 2 103 105
  39. Parrott, A. Explaining the stress-inducing effects of nicotine to cigarette smokers Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental 27 2 150 155
  40. Singer, L., Moore, D., Min, M., Goodwin, J., Turner, J., Fulton, S., Parrott, A., Parrott, A. One-Year Outcomes of Prenatal Exposure to MDMA and Other Recreational Drugs PEDIATRICS 130 3 407 413
  41. Singer, L., Moore, D., Fulton, S., Goodwin, J., Turner, J., Min, M., Parrott, A. Neurobehavioral outcomes of infants exposed to MDMA (Ecstasy) and other recreational drugs during pregnancy Neurotoxicology and Teratology 34 3 303 310
  42. Parrott, A., Hatton, N., Rowe, K., Watts, L., Donev, R., Kissling, C., Thome, J. Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and other psychiatric symptoms in recreational polydrug users Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental 27 2 209 216
  43. Parrott, A., Parrott, A. MDMA and temperature: A review of the thermal effects of ‘Ecstasy’ in humans Drug and Alcohol Dependence 121 1-2 1 9
  44. Parrott, A., Parrott, A. Cocaine vs Ecstasy/MDMA: Comparative Effects on Mood and Cognition in Recreational Users The Open Addiction Journal 4 1 36 37
  46. Burgess, A., Venables, L., Jones, H., Edwards, R., Parrott, A. Event related potential (ERP) evidence for selective impairment of verbal recollection in abstinent recreational methylenedioxymethamphetamine (“Ecstasy”)/polydrug users Psychopharmacology 216 4 545 556
  47. Parrott, A., Gibbs, A., Scholey, A., King, R., Owens, K., Swann, P., Ogden, E., Stough, C. MDMA and methamphetamine: some paradoxical negative and positive mood changes in an acute dose laboratory study Psychopharmacology 215 3 527 536
  48. Blagrove, M., Seddon, J., George, S., Parrott, A., Stickgold, R., Walker, M., Jones, K., Morgan, M., Blagrove, M., Parrott, A. Procedural and declarative memory task performance, and the memory consolidation function of sleep, in recent and abstinent ecstasy/MDMA users Journal of Psychopharmacology 25 4 465 477
  49. Scholey, A., Owen, L., Gates, J., Rodgers, J., Buchanan, T., Ling, J., Heffernan, T., Swan, P., Stough, C., Parrott, A., Parrott, A. Hair MDMA Samples Are Consistent with Reported Ecstasy Use: Findings from a Study Investigating Effects of Ecstasy on Mood and Memory Neuropsychobiology 63 1 15 21
  50. Moore, D., Turner, J., Parrott, A., Goodwin, J., Fulton, S., Min, M., Fox, H., Braddick, F., Axelsson, E., Lynch, S., Ribeiro, H., Frostick, C., Singer, L., Parrott, A. During pregnancy, recreational drug-using women stop taking ecstasy (3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methylamphetamine) and reduce alcohol consumption, but continue to smoke tobacco and cannabis: initial findings from the Development and Infancy Study Journal of Psychopharmacology 24 9 1403 1410
  51. Buchanan, T., Heffernan, T., Parrott, A., Ling, J., Rodgers, J., Scholey, A. A short self-report measure of executive function suitable for administration via the Internet. Behavioural Research Methods & Instrumentation. 42 709 714
  52. Jones, K., Blagrove, M., Parrott, A. Cannabis and Ecstasy/MDMA: empirical measures of creativity in recreational users. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs 41 323 329
  53. Katy, J., Mark, B., Parrott, A. Cannabis and Ecstasy/MDMA: empirical measures of creativity in recreational users. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs 41 323 329
  54. Parrott, A., Parrott, A. Cortisol and MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine): neurohormonal aspects of bioenergetic stress in Ecstasy users. Neuropsychobiology 60 148 158
  55. Parrott, A. Preface: the psychobiology of MDMA Neuropsychobiology 60 3-4 117 118
  56. Li-Tzy, W., Parrott, A., Ringwalt, C., Yang, C., Blazer, D., Parrott, A. The Variety of Ecstasy/MDMA Users: Results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions American Journal on Addictions 18 6 452 461
  57. Soar, K., Parrott, A., Turner, J., Parrott, A. Attributions for psychobiological changes in ecstasy/MDMA and other polydrug users Journal of Psychopharmacology 23 7 745 758
  58. Li-Tzy, W., Parrott, A., Ringwalt, C., Patkar, A., Mannelli, P., Blazer, D., Parrott, A. The high prevalence of substance use disorders among recent MDMA users compared with other drug users: Implications for intervention Addictive Behaviors 34 8 654 661
  59. Soar, K., Dawkins, L., Begum, H., Parrott, A. The effects of cigarette smoking and abstinence on auditory verbal learning Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental 23 7 621 627
  60. Parrott, A., Lock, J., Conner, A., Kissling, C., Thome, J., Parrott, A. Dance Clubbing on MDMA and during Abstinence from Ecstasy/MDMA: Prospective Neuroendocrine and Psychobiological Changes Neuropsychobiology 57 4 165 180
  61. Parrott, A. Drug taking - for better or for worse? The Psychologist 21 924 927
  62. Jones, K., Callen, F., Blagrove, M., Parrott, A. Sleep, energy, and self rated cognition across 7 nights following recreational ecstasy/MDMA use. Sleep and Hypnosis 10 16 28

Book Chapters

  1. Parrott, A. Clinical and medical management of conditions caused by MDMA or 'Ecstasy' (Ed.), Handbook of novel psychoactive substances 266 290 New York and London Routledge
  2. Parrott, A. MDMA assisted psychotherapy - a psychobiological analysis and critique. (Ed.), Routledge International Handbook of Psychobiology. 10 London Routledge

Other Research Outputs

  1. Corazza, O., Parrott, A., Demetrovics, Z., Parrott, A. Novel psychoactive substances: Shedding new lights on the ever-changing drug scenario and the associated health risks Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental 32 3