My research broadly encompasses Energy Materials & Devices, in two main areas:


As part of the SPECIFIC-IKC, Sêr Solar, and SPARC II research projects, my research area focuses on solution processed photovoltaic materials and device physics. My PV research group utilizes frequency domain techniques such as Impedance Spectroscopy or Intensity Modulated Photovoltage Spectroscopy (IMVS); or time resolved measurements such as Transient Photovoltage/Photocurrent Decay and photo-CELIV, to characterize carrier transport, recombination and mobility in photovoltaic devices, with a particular interest in quantifying loss mechanisms when increasing device size from lab scale to pilot scale, and in the characterization of degradation mechanisms.

Two new projects will be starting in mid-2018. One will develop ultra-light weight flexible tandem silicon/perovskite solar cells in collaboration with IQE plc - PhD scholarship available now. The second is a collaboration between Materials Engineering and Computer Science to develop the next generation of novel perovskite powered IoT devices - postdoctoral positions to be advertised soon.


I lead SPECIFIC's newest research activity on novel solution processable thermoelectric materials and devices, focusing on organic and hybrid materials. 


Undergraduate Admissions

I am currently undergraduate admissions tutor for Materials Engineering. Please get in touch if you want to study Materials by the beach!



  1. & Homogeneous and highly controlled deposition of low viscosity inks and application on fully printable perovskite solar cells. Science and Technology of Advanced Materials 19(1), 1-9.
  2. & Process optimization for producing hierarchical porous bamboo-derived carbon materials with ultrahigh specific surface area for lithium-sulfur batteries. Journal of Alloys and Compounds 738, 16-24.
  3. & Ionic Influences on Recombination in Perovskite Solar Cells. ACS Energy Letters
  4. & High throughput fabrication of mesoporous carbon perovskite solar cells. J. Mater. Chem. A
  5. & Review—Organic Materials for Thermoelectric Energy Generation. ECS Journal of Solid State Science and Technology 6(3), N3080-N3088.
  6. & One-step deposition by slot-die coating of mixed lead halide perovskite for photovoltaic applications. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 159, 362-369.
  7. & Photonic flash-annealing of lead halide perovskite solar cells in 1 ms. J. Mater. Chem. A 4(9), 3471-3476.
  8. & Highly efficient, flexible, indium-free perovskite solar cells employing metallic substrates. J. Mater. Chem. A 3(17), 9141-9145.
  9. & Rapid processing of perovskite solar cells in under 2.5 seconds. J. Mater. Chem. A 3(17), 9123-9127.
  10. & (2015). Identifying recombination mechanisms through materials development in perovskite solar cells. , 1-3. doi:10.1109/PVSC.2015.7355675
  11. Charbonneau, C., Hooper, K., Carnie, M., Searle, J., Philip, B., Wragg, D., Watson, T., Worsley, D. Rapid radiative platinisation for dye-sensitised solar cell counter electrodes. Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications 22, n/a-n/a.
  12. Hooper, K., Carnie, M., Charbonneau, C., Watson, T. Near Infrared Radiation as a Rapid Heating Technique for TiO2Films on Glass Mounted Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. International Journal of Photoenergy 2014, 1-8.
  13. & A Transparent Conductive Adhesive Laminate Electrode for High-Efficiency Organic-Inorganic Lead Halide Perovskite Solar Cells. Advanced Materials 26(44), 7499-7504.
  14. Davies, M.L., Carnie, M., Holliman, P.J., Connell, A., Douglas, P., Watson, T., Charbonneau, C., Troughton, J., Worsley, D. Compositions, colours and efficiencies of organic–inorganic lead iodide/bromide perovskites for solar cells. Materials Research Innovations 18(7), 482-485.
  15. Holliman, P.J., Muslem, D.K., Jones, E.W., Connell, A., Davies, M.L., Charbonneau, C., Carnie, M.J., Worsley, D.A. Low temperature sintering of binder-containing TiO2/metal peroxide pastes for dye-sensitized solar cells. Journal of Materials Chemistry A 2(29), 11134
  16. & Perovskite processing for photovoltaics: a spectro-thermal evaluation. Journal of Materials Chemistry A 2(45), 19338-19346.
  17. & Performance enhancement of solution processed perovskite solar cells incorporating functionalized silica nanoparticles. J. Mater. Chem. A 2(40), 17077-17084.
  18. Vyas, N., Charbonneau, C., Carnie, M.J., Worsley, D.A., Watson, T.M. (2013). An Inorganic/Organic Hybrid Coating for Low Cost Metal Mounted Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. Presented at ECS Transactions,(24), 29-37. doi:10.1149/05324.0029ecst
  19. Vyas, N., Wragg, D.A., Charbonneau, C., Carnie, M.J., Watson, T.M. (2013). Low Cost TCO Less Counter Electrodes for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell Application. Presented at ECS Transactions,(24), 39-46. doi:10.1149/05324.0039ecst
  20. Bryant, D.T.J., Carnie, M.J., Watson, T., Worsley, D. (2012). Electrochemical Analysis for the Realization of Low Temperature Processed ZnO Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. Presented at ECS Transactions,(51), 11-21. doi:10.1149/05051.0011ecst

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  • EG-185 Materials Practicals 1: structure / property links in metals

    This course is designed to provide students with an introduction to the skills necessary to prepare materials for microscopic examination and to conduct standard mechanical tests. The course supports the Level 1 lecture courses, in particular the courses on Introduction to Materials (EG-180) and on Mechanical Properties (EG-184). The emphasis for this module is the development of practical, experimental, and scientific report writing skills.

  • EGA114 Chemical Engineering Science

    This module will introduce fundamental principles of thermodynamics, physical chemistry and mass transfer relevant to the course including: gas behaviour; properties of pure substances and mixtures; laws of thermodynamics and their applications to energy and state calculations; phase equilibria; diffusive and convective mass transfer; mass transfer coefficients and double film theory.

  • EGSM12 Applied Instrumental & Analytical Techniques

    The various research groups based in the department of Materials Engineering hosts a truly World-class suite of materials and coatings characterisation and analysis equipment. The module is designed to give an overview of all the techniques available to students during their postgraduate research.


  • Degradation Mechanisms on novel organic coated steel products (current)

    Student name:
    Other supervisor: Prof Cris Arnold
  • Radiative dewatering in faecal sludge management (current)

    Student name:
    Other supervisor: Dr Ian Mabbett
  • Development of the Latest Generation of Prefinished Steels with a Clear Impermeable Coating (current)

    Student name:
    Other supervisor: Dr Matthew Davies
  • Organic and hybrid printable thermoelectric materials (current)

    Student name:
    Other supervisor: Dr Nicholas Lavery
  • 'Optimisation of Perovskite Solar Cells For Slot-Die Coating' (current)

    Student name:
    Other supervisor: Dr Trystan Watson
  • ''Encapsulation of solar cells'' (awarded 2017)

    Student name:
    Other supervisor: Dr Matthew Davies