I am an Honorary Fellow at the Research Institute for Arts and Humanities (The Richard Burton Centre), Swansea University. I was, for four years, Research Fellow at the Centre for Migration Policy Research also at Swansea University. I was formerly Senior Lecturer at Buckinghamshire Chilterns University, UK and have taught at universities, on a visiting basis, in Europe, the USA and Russia. I completed my Ph.D. in History from Warwick University, UK where my doctoral research was concerned with nineteenth-century trade union sponsored migration from the UK to North America.