Journal Articles

  1. Disability in the Middle Ages and Cultural History. WerkstattGeschichte 65, 55-65.
  2. Speechless: Speech and hearing impairments as problem of medieval normative texts - theological, natural-philosophical, legal. Studies in Early Medicine 3, 59-68.


  1. Fools and Idiots? Intellectual disability in the Middle Ages. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
  2. A Social History of Disability in the Middle Ages: Cultural Considerations of Physical Impairment.. Abingdon: Routledge.

Book Chapters

  1. 'Will-nots' and 'Cannots': Tracing a Trope in Medieval Thought'. In History of Learning Disability. (pp. 45-63).
  2. Tolkien and disability: the narrative function of disabled characters in Middle-earth. In Death and Immortality in Middle-earth. Peter Roe Series XVII (Proceedings of The Tolkien Society Seminar 2016). (pp. 35-50). Edinburgh: Luna Press Publishing.
  3. Articles on medieval disability in handbook. In Premodern Dis/Ability History: A Companion. (pp. 59-61, 191-2, 221-2, 296-7, 314-15Affalterbach: Didymos Verlag.
  4. In/Dis-Ability: A Medievalist's Perspective. In The Variable Body in History, eds Chris Mounsey and Stan Booth, Oxford et al: Peter Lang. (pp. 13-32).
  5. Then and now: Canon law on disabilities. In Disability in Antiquity, ed. Christian Laes, Rewriting Antiquity series, London & NY: Routledge, 2017. (pp. 455-467).
  6. Disabled Children: Birth Defects, Causality and Guilt. In Naoƫ Kukita Yoshikawa (Ed.), Medicine, Religion and Gender in Medieval Culture. (pp. 161-180). Cambridge: DS Brewer.
  7. Have Crutch, Will Travel: Disabled People on the Move in Medieval Europe. In Marianne O'Doherty and Felicitas Schmieder (Ed.), Travels and Mobilities in the Middle Ages: From the Atlantic to the Black Sea (International Medieval Research 21). (pp. 91-117). Turnhout: Brepols.
  8. Indiscriminate Healing Miracles in Decline: How social realities affect religious perception. In Matthew M. Mesley and Louise E. Wilson (Ed.), Contextualizing Miracles in the Christian West, 1100-1500: New Historical Approaches (Medium Aevum Monographs 32). (pp. 155-176). Oxford: The Society for the Study of Medieval Languages and Literature.