The South Wales Coalfield Collection is an internationally important research resource. The collection provides a unique picture of life in the coalfield valleys during the late nineteenth and the twentieth centuries, concentrating on the workers and the organisations they created. It contains records of trade unions, miners' institutes, co-operative societies, and individuals connected with the mining community.
- Archival material (such as minute books, financial records, correspondence etc.) and photographs are held in the Richard Burton Archives
- Published material, audio-visual, audio, and banners are held in the South Wales Miners' Library