poppy field

The GDPO Technical Advisory Board comprises leading authorities across a range of drug policy related issues from across the world. Advisors play a central role in the peer review of GDPO publications.
Advisory note: Being a GDPO Technical Advisor does not necessarily imply agreement with or support for the conclusions of GDPO publications.

Professor Peter Andreas

Peter Andreas joined the Brown Department of Political Science in the fall of 2001, and holds a joint appointment with the Watson Institute for International Studies.

He was previously an Assistant Professor at Reed College, an Academy Scholar at Harvard University, a Research Fellow at the Brookings Institution, and an SSRC-MacArthur Foundation Fellow on International Peace and Security. He received his BA from Swarthmore College and PhD from Cornell University. Peter Andreas's work bridges the fields of security studies and international political economy. This includes research on transnational crime and crime control, the politics of borders and smuggling, and the political economy of conflict and post-conflict reconstruction. The research has involved fieldwork in Latin America, the United States, Western Europe, and the Balkans. He has published nine books including Blue Helmets and Black Markets: The Business of Survival in the Siege of Sarajevo (Cornell University Press, 2008)and Policing the Globe: Criminalization and Crime Control in International Relations (co-author, Oxford University Press, 2006) Other writings include articles for publications such as International Security, International Studies Quarterly, Foreign Affairs and Foreign Policy.

Dr Bruce Bagley

Dr Bruce M. Bagley is Chair and Professor in the Department of International Studies, University of Miami. His research interests are U.S.-Latin American relations, with an emphasis on drug trafficking and security issues. From 1991 to 1995 he served as associate dean of the Graduate School of International Studies at the University of Miami. Prior to his appointment at UM, he was assistant professor of Comparative Politics and Latin American Studies at the School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) of the Johns Hopkins University. His recent publications includeInternational Relations in Latin America, co-author with Betty Horwitz, Taylor & Francis Group (2013), and "Drug Trafficking and Organized Crime in the Americas: Major Trends in the Twenty-First Century", Latin American Program, Woodrow Wilson Center (2012). He was also editor of the monographs Drug Trafficking Research in the Americas (Miami: North-South Center in Association with Lynn Rienner, 1997) and Drug Trafficking in the Americas, Co-edited with William O. Walker, III (New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 1994).

In addition to his academic pursuits, Dr. Bagley has occasionally served as an expert consultant for the United Nations (United Nations Development Program - UNDP), for the U.S. Government (Department of State, Department of Defense, Department of Justice, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and the Drug Enforcement Administration), and for several governments in Latin America (Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia Panama and Mexico) on issues of drug trafficking, money laundering and public security. Dr. Bagley has testified before the U.S. Congress on matters related to Latin America on numerous occasions and has also appeared frequently in US Federal court as an expert witness on drug trafficking, organized crime and political asylum issues in Latin America.

Romesh Bhattacharji

 Romesh Bhattacharji worked with the Government of India as an Indian Revenue Service member from October 1968 to November 2003. In the ten years before his retirement he worked with the Government of India supervising in different postings across North Western and North Eastern India. This role involved: Intelligence collection, preventing and detecting money laundering, illicit opium cultivation and controlling illicit opium cultivation, enforcement and Narcotics trafficking. He was also involved in formulating Narcotics policies and their implementation, working with international Narcotics agencies, improving morphine availability for sufferers and assisting treatment centres.  After retirement he has been raising humane drug issues in public and commenting on this issue in India and abroad.  His list of publications include: Opium Cultivation in AfghanistanForest Rights for opium cultivators in the North East of IndiaAfghanistan's narcotics dilemma - a possible solution

Dr Molly Charles


Molly Charles completed a BA in Psychology (1981) in Kerala University. MA in Psychology (1986) and PhD in Anthropology (2006) from the University of Pune.

She was a founding member and adjunct Director of the National Addiction Research Centre until 1999. Consultant to different international and national agencies for undertaking research and monitoring and evaluation. Area of work has been Drug use, Drug Trade and Management of Drug Use, Organized Crime and HIV management. Publications include: Cannabis and Culture-Impact of Drug Policy on Drug Use and Drug Trade (2009), Drug Trade Dynamics in India (2004) and The Bombay Underworld: a Descriptive Account and It’s Role in Drug Trade (UNESCO, MOST, 2002)

Virginia Comolli


Virginia Comolli is the Research Fellow for Security and Development at The International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) in London where she has responsibility for establishing an independent Security and Development Programme as well as carrying out research on complex forms of insecurity afflicting the developing world, with special attention to the way in which development objectives are being hampered by these challenges, and what the appropriate policy responses should be.

Upon joining the IISS she was first part of the Military Balance team conducting research on Sub-Saharan Africa. Until May 2012 she was a Research Analyst and Assistant to the Director of Transnational Threats and Political Risk, and focused on issues such as international terrorism, radicalisation, organised crime and drugs, conflict, cyber security and warfare, and energy security. In this capacity she was temporarily seconded to the UK Ministry of Justice as an Expert Analyst. Virginia had also spent six months working for the intelligence unit of a private security company where she concentrated mainly on the Persian Gulf region, the Maghreb and Afghanistan. She also had a previous brief experience with a strategic intelligence company. Virginia holds a First Class Honour Degree in War Studies and American Studies from the University of Wolverhampton and a Master's Degree in Intelligence and Strategic Studies from the University of Wales, Aberystwyth. Virginia is the co-author of the Adelphi Book Drugs, Insecurity and Failed States: the Problems of Prohibition (2012).

Professor Nick Crofts


Prof Nick Crofts spent twelve years in Community Medicine in Collingwood, then 19 years at Fairfield Hospital and the Macfarlane Burnet Institute, where he founded Centres in Harm Reduction, International Health and Research into Population Health.

His research has concentrated on epidemiology and control of blood-borne viruses, especially Hepatitis C among injecting drug users and prisoners in Australia, for which he was awarded an NHMRC Principal Research Fellowship. His programmatic and policy focus has been in developing harm reduction responses to HIV epidemics among IDUs in every country in Asia, where he was instrumental in the formation of the UNAIDS-endorsed Asian Harm Reduction Network, and has done many consultancies for UN and other multilateral, bilateral and national agencies. For his work promoting harm reduction in Asia, Prof Crofts was awarded the International Rolleston Award for Harm Reduction in 1998. From 2004 to 2007, he was Director of Turning Point Alcohol and Drug Centre in Melbourne; from 2007 he has been a Professorial Fellow in International Health at the University of Melbourne, and is a founding Director of the Centre for Law Enforcement and Public Health.

Professor Ernest Drucker


Ernest Drucker is Adjunct Professor of Epidemiology at the Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, Professor Emeritus in the Department of Family and Social Medicine, Montefiore Medical Center/Albert Einstein College of Medicine; and Senior Research Associate and Scholar in Residence at John Jay College of Criminal Justice of The City University of NY.

For 25 years Dr. Drucker was Director of Public Health and Policy Research at Montefiore/Einstein, founding Director of Montefiore’s 1000 patient drug treatment program until 1990 and author of over 100 peer reviewed scientific articles, texts, and book chapters. He was founding Associate Editor of The International Journal of Drug Policy; founder and Editor in Chief ( with John Booth Davies) of Addiction Research and Theory ( 1993- 2005); and is now founding Editor in Chief of Harm Reduction Journal. Dr. Drucker was a founder (in 1994) of the International Harm Reduction Association; founder and Chairman of the Board of Doctors of the World / USA (1993-1997). He has been a Fellow of the Lindesmith Center and Senior Socil Justice Fellow of the Open Society Foundation, and 2010-2011 Senior Specialist in Global Health of the US/Australian Fulbright Program at the Law School of the University of New South Wales. He is the author of A Plague of Prisons: The Epidemiology of Mass Incarceration in America ( New Press, paperback, 2013).

Asmin Fransiska

 Asmin is a lecturer within the faculty of law, Atma Jaya University, Indonesia. She has been advocating and researching on the issue of human rights and drug policy for more than 10 years. Her areas of studies are human rights and drug policy and the right to health relating to children and women’s rights. Asmin has collaborated with local, national and international organizations and has produced articles, reports and policy briefs on human rights and drug policy.

Professor Paul Gootenberg


Paul Gootenberg is SUNY Distinguished Professor of History and Sociology at Stony Brook University, the State University of New York.

Gootenberg’s research interests span most of modern Latin America, with special strengths in Andean and Mexican history and questions of historical sociology. His current writing centers on the history of drug commodities, especially cocaine as an Andean and global drug. He trained as an interdisciplinary historian at Chicago and Oxford, and maintains a broad interest in social science and historical practice. Gootenberg is active in a number of interdisciplinary research programs at the Brooklyn-based Social Science Research Council (SSRC). He is the 2010-13 Chair of the Drugs, Security, and Democracy (DSD) Fellowship—a OSF-supported program that fosters alternative research on drugs and violence in the Americas through dissertation and postdoctoral grants and workshops. He is currently (with UCLA Geographer Judith Carney) a Research Director in the DPDF (Dissertation Proposal Development Fellowship) on the topic of “Global Commodity Studies,” a program that helps early doctoral students in proposal development on new cross-disciplinary themes. His drug-related publications include the book, Andean Cocaine: The Making of a Global Drug (University of North Carolina Press, 2009), and collection, Cocaine: Global Histories (Routledge UK, 1999).

Dr Araceli Manjón-Cabeza

 Dr Manjon-Cabeza is the director of the Chair ‘Drogas siglo XXI’ (Drugs 21st Century) and Professor of Criminal Law at the Complutense University,  Madrid, where she has taught doctoral courses and monographs on criminality and drugs. She held the position of deputy magistrate in the Criminal Division of the National Court (Audiencia Nacional), has been director of the Cabinet of National Drug Plan Office and advisor to international organizations in the field of illicit drugs and money laundering. Her experience in performing judicial and political matters has enabled her to develop her main line of research: the legal treatment of illicit drugs.  She has recently published La Solucion, where she calls for legalization as the only viable solution to the problems associated with drugs.

Professor William Martin

William Martin (Ph.D, Harvard, 1969), is the Harry and Hazel Chavanne Emeritus Professor of Religion and Public Policy in the Department of Sociology at Rice University in Houston. Since his retirement from teaching in June 2005, he serves as the Chavanne Senior Fellow for Religion and Public Policy at the James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy at Rice and also directs the Institute’s Drug Policy program. Professor Martin's recent research and writing about drug policy have focused on syringe-exchange programs, legalization of marijuana, Mexican drug wars during the Calderon era, and reform of sentencing laws and practices related to drug offenses. In addition to writing and speaking on these issues, he has organized and chaired a series of programs and conferences at the Baker Institute. These can be accessed through the Baker Institute website

Professor Isidore Obot

Isidore S. Obotis Professor and Head, Department of Psychology, University of Uyo, and Director, Centre for Research and Information on Substance Abuse (CRISA), Uyo, Nigeria. Prior to this he served as Professor and Chair, Department of Behavioral Sciences, Morgan State University School of Public Health and Policy in Baltimore, MD, and Scientist in the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse, World Health Organization, Geneva. He has also worked at the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health and the Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, as a  research fellow. His academic career began in the Department of Psychology, University of Jos, Nigeria, in 1985, after receiving degrees in clinical and social psychology from Loyola University Maryland and Howard University, Washington DC, (PhD), and a master of public health degree from the Harvard University School of Public Health. Professor Obot is the author of many papers on alcohol epidemiology and drug policy, a co-author of Drugs and the public good (Oxford, 2010), and editor of several books on drugs and alcohol published by WHO and CRISA. He is founding Editor-in-Chief of the African Journal of Drug and Alcohol Studies and a member of the editorial boards of several journals on addiction, psychology and the health sciences. Professor Obot has consulted for many local and international organizations on drug-related issues, including the UNODC, Economic Commission of West African States, the African Union, and the West African Commission on Drugs. He is a member of the Global Alcohol Policy Alliance (GAPA) and the WHO Technical Advisory Group on Alcohol Epidemiology.

Professor Craig Reinarman

Craig Reinarman is Professor of Sociology and Legal Studies at the University of California, Santa Cruz. 

He has been a Visiting Scholar at the Center for Drug Research at the University of Amsterdam; Visiting Professor at Utrecht University; a member of the board of directors of the College on Problems of Drug Dependence; a consultant to the World Health Organization's Programme on Substance Abuse; and a principal investigator on research grants from the U.S. National Institute of Drug Abuse and the National Institute of Justice.  Dr. Reinarman is the author of American States of Mind (Yale University Press, 1987) and co-author of Cocaine Changes (Temple University Press, 1991) and Crack in America: Demon Drugs and Social Justice(University of California Press, 1997).  He has published numerous articles on drug use, law and policy in such journals as Theory and Society, the British Journal of Addiction, American Journal of Public Health, the International Journal of Drug Policy, and Addiction Research and Theory.

Professor Robin Room

Robin Room is a sociologist who has directed alcohol and drug research centres in the United States, Canada and Sweden, and now in Australia, his native country.

He is the Director of the Centre for Alcohol Policy Research at Turning Point Alcohol and Drug Centre, in Fitzroy, Victoria, Australia, and a Professor at the Melbourne School of Population and Global Health of the University of Melbourne and at the Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs at Stockholm University, and. He has received awards for scientific contributions in the U.S., Sweden and Australia, including the premier international award in alcohol studies, the Jellinek Memorial Award for Alcohol Studies. He has been an advisor for the World Health Organisation since 1975, has been a president of an international scientific society, the Kettil Bruun Society for Social and Epidemiological Research on Alcohol, and is Editor-in Chief of Drug and Alcohol Review.Professor Room’s research is on social, cultural and epidemiological studies of alcohol, drugs and gambling behaviour and problems, and studies of social responses to alcohol and drug problems and of the effects of policy changes. Recent books on which he is a co-author include Cannabis Policy: Moving beyond StalemateDrug Policy and the Public Good, and the 2nd edition of Alcohol – No Ordinary Commodity.

Dr Markus Schultze-Kraft

For more than fifteen years, Dr Markus Schultze-Kraft has been conducting inter-disciplinary, policy-relevant research of the highest quality in key fields of governance, government, public policy and international relations, with a specific focus on state fragility, armed conflict, transnational organized crime/non-conventional threats, security, rule of law, peace-building, illicit drug policy and development.

He has twenty-five years of experience in Latin America, from the Southern Cone to Mexico and the Caribbean, and additional geographic expertise on West Africa and the Western Balkans. In his capacity as a doctoral researcher, university lecturer (Los Andes University, Bogotá) and senior International Crisis Group and UN human rights official, Markus was based in Latin America for many years. Markus's published work includes a book on comparative conflict resolution and the restructuring of civil-military relations in Central America, numerous book chapters and articles in scholarly and policy journals, as well as two dozen International Crisis Group policy reports. Since 2010, Markus is based at the Institute of Development Studies (IDS) where he is a Research Fellow in the Governance Team, teaches on the MA Governance and Development and co-chairs the Global Drug and Development Policy Roundup.

Professor Alex Stevens


Alex Stevens is a Professor in Criminal Justice and Deputy Head of the University of Kent’s School of Social Policy, Sociology and Social Research. He has a PhD in Social Policy from the University of Kent, an MA in Socio-Legal Studies from the University of Sheffield and a BA in French (in the School of European Studies) from the University of Sussex. He has worked on issues of drugs, crime and health in the voluntary sector, as an academic researcher and as an adviser to the UK government. His principal research interests focus on illicit drug policies and how they affect drug use, crime and public health. He has an on-going interest in how evidence is used in making policy and in the effects of drug treatment interventions. Current research projects involve working on the subterranean structuration of gang life in London, and on the links between social policies and drug-related harms.

His peer reviewed journal articles  include Stevens, A., & Ritter, A. (2013) ‘How can and do empirical studies influence drug policies? Narratives and complexity in the use of evidence in policy making’, Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy, 20(3), 169-174; Hughes, C., & Stevens, A. (2012) ‘A resounding success or a disastrous failure: Re-examining the interpretation of evidence on the Portuguese decriminalisation of illicit drugs[30]’, Drug and Alcohol Review, 31(1) 101—113; and Stevens, A. (2011) ‘Sociological approaches to the study of drug use and drug policy[31]’, International Journal of Drug Policy, 22(6).

Dr Evan Wood

Dr. Evan Wood, MD, PhD, ABIM, FRCPC is a lead researcher at the BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS (BC-CfE) and Director of the BC-CfE’s Urban Health Research Initiative (UHRI), whose mission is to improve the health of individuals and communities through research to inform policy.

In addition, he is a professor of medicine at the University of British Columbia where he holds the University’s Canada Research Chair in inner city medicine. Dr. Wood’s clinical and current research focuses inner city medicine issues and policies relating to treatment and prevention issues facing injection drug users, as well as public health and HIV prevention strategies for street-involved youth. He has co-authored over 350 scientific papers and has received international recognition for his research. Dr. Wood is an Associate Editor of the International Journal of Drug Policy and serves on the editorial boards of a host of addiction and infectious disease journals.