Addressing the challenges of safe water production
The impending crisis posed by water stress and poor sanitation represents one of the greatest human challenges for the 21st century, and membrane technology has emerged as a serious contender to confront the crisis on a global scale.
In 2012, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that there are more than one billion people who lack fresh water. By midcentury that number was expected to swell to four billion. That bad news is good news for composites: Almost 60 percent of the world’s population live less than 36 miles/60 km from a seacoast. Seawater desalination, therefore, is poised to become one of the main alternative freshwater resources in those regions. In fact, the market for products and services used to convert seawater into potable water was estimated to be about $2 billion (USD) in 2000. The Freedonia Group is a leading international business research company that publishes more than 100 industry research studies annually. It predicts that the desalination market will expand to more than $18 billion by 2020.
, Director of the Centre for Water Advanced Technologies and Environmental Research (CWATER) at Swansea University, is the co-author of a new published book by Elsevier titled ‘Boron Separation Processes’ ISBN 13: 9780444634542. The book discusses the boron issue which is one of the target areas to be solved in desalination plants where membrane technologies are employed to produce water for irrigation. Yet, whilst there are countless texts on water treatment and on membrane technologies, none address in a whole and integrated way the boron problem and separation processes for boron elimination.
The main goal of this book is to focus the attention on boron problems and to present some challenges for safe water production in order to invoke appropriate actions in efficient innovative directions. For that reason, this book is divided into four sections that show the impact of boron for our life, adsorption methods for water de-boronation, the use of membrane processes for boron removal from water and recent studies on processes optimization.
Students, scientists and engineers will be able to see, for the first time, in one reference work the state of the art in the rapidly growing area of boron separation processes. The book focuses on four main areas: Effect of boron on human and plants, Separation of boron by ion exchange and adsorption processes, Separation of Boron by membrane processes, Simulation and optimization studies for boron separation. The book features a wide array of topics covering this emerging and important technological area.
The book titled ‘Boron Separation Processes’ will be released in January 2015.