Welcome to the EC2 Research Group

The Engineering from Clouds to Coasts Group (EC2) carries out both fundamental and applied research into flooding and erosion. The Group contains recognised specialists in coastal engineering, estuarine and coastal morphodynamics, flood risk, hydrology and meteorology. EC2’s research is supported with grants from UK Research Councils, EU FP7, the Welsh Assembly, international research sponsors and industry. The group has very close links with Low Carbon Research Institute (Marine), which is also based in the College of Engineering. EC2 is focused firmly on major problems facing society regarding rising sea levels, flood risk, and offshore renewable energy which have been highlighted in recent Government reviews.


Research Areas

Coastal and Estuarine Processes

Coastal and Estuarine Processes 

Coastal and estuarine research at EC2 focuses on computational modelling  and analysis of hydrodynamics and morphodynamics of coasts and estuaries at a range of time scales:  event scale (few days), seasonal scale ( few months to an year), medium term (few years to a decade) and long term (few decades to a century). Our main research in this research area includes:

  • Analysis of historical coastal change
  • Modelling ecological impacts on estuary morphology
  • Beach response to extreme weathers 
  • Coastal erosion and flooding
  • Climate change and coastal morphodynamics  

Environmental Impacts of Marine Renewables

Environmental Impacts of Marine Renewables

EC2 is involved in modelling environmental impacts of tidal and wave energy extraction, with particular focus on the physical environment. We look at both near-field and far filed impacts at a range of time scales. The main research progressing in this area includes:

  • Impacts of wave energy extraction on coastal hydro- and sediment dynamics
  • Interaction of tidal current turbines with the sea bed


Flood Risk Management and Radar Hydrology

Radar Hydrology & Flood Risk Management

The group has more than 30 years of research experiences in Weather Radar and Radar Hydrology. As engineering hydrologists, our interest is focused on how to acquire rainfall observations using modern technology such as weather radars and their applications in flood risk management, extreme storm monitoring and early warnings. The research line ranges from fundamental research such as techniques for improving rainfall observations, to applications of rainfall now casting and radar driven hydrological forecasting.  We have been working closely with government agencies and industrial partners. Through the years, we have taken part in various related research projects as well the provision of consultation to industries. As engineers, we have been able to develop and build weather radars with industrial partners that effectively supported past projects and the ongoing research. 

Hydrometeorological and Hydro-climatic Modelling

Hydrometeorological and Hydro-climatic Modelling

The increased complexity of many engineering problems when put in the context of the changing environment (climate, population) highlights the need of interdisciplinary research efforts.  The expertise in meteorology and numerical weather prediction have offered us the capacity to address such complex research problems, e.g., real time flood forecasting with rainfall forecast, the cloud-to-coast approach of coast flooding mitigation, climate change impact on water resources, future trend of extreme flooding and droughts and adaptation. The group is specialized at climate data downscaling, and coupled models that are indispensable tool in this area.  The recent collaboration with the Met Office has added the UK Unified Model to our modelling infrastructure that supports our on-going efforts on the research of Welsh Extreme Weather Initiative.

EC2 Staff Members

Academic Staff

Research Staff

Current Research Projects

  • iCOASST: Integrated Coastal Sediment Systems (NERC)
  • TeraWatt: Large scale Interactive coupled 3D modelling for wave and tidal energy resource and environmental impact (EPSRC Supergen Marine Challenge)
  • Flood MEMORY: Multi-Event Modelling Of Risk & Recovery (EPSRC Innovative Solutions to Flood Risk Sandpit)
  • EcoWATT2050 (EPSRC)
  • KTP Project "Climate Model Optimisation and Extreme Weather Impact Study", Supported by Welsh Government and Fujitsu Laboratories of Europe Ltd. Principle Investigator: Dr Y Xuan.



Up Research Seminars

Time:     12:00 – 13:00 hrs

Date:     Wednesday the 26th November

Venue: Materials Boardroom


Title: Preliminary Results investigating the impact of the Swansea Bay tidal lagoon on physical processes in Swansea Bay and the surrounding sandbank systems

Speaker: Dr. Ian /fairley


In this talk preliminary results from the modelling of the impact of the tidal lagoon on physical processes will be presented. Extreme events are being studied both because of their capacity for larger impacts and because past research has suggested that sediment pathways between the bays and sandbanks only occur under storm events. Two case studies are used from the storms of winter 2013/2014, one case of a large storm and surge event co-incident with a neap tide and the other a large storm and surge event co-incident with a spring tide. The lagoon is modelled as a land section with sources/sinks implemented to represent the water exchange with the inner lagoon. Simulations are currently running and so results will be truly ‘hot off the press’!!