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Instructions for the Preparation of


The Book

The book, entitled Volume Graphics, will be formally published by Springer-Verlag, London. The ISBN for this book is 1-85233-192-5. The workshop chair and programme co-chairs will act as the editors. Please direct all administrative communications to the contact editor:

Dr. Min Chen
Department of Computer Science
University of Wales Swansea
Singleton Park
Swansea SA2 8PP
United Kingdom

Phone: +44 1792 295663
Fax: +44 1792 295708

Publishing Schedule

15 July 1999: deadline for all CRCs in the original document format to editors. (Action: Authors)

2 August 1999: Deadline for the combined CRC to Springer. (Action: Book Editors)

30 September 1999: Materials for WWW pages to editors. (Action: Authors)

October 1999: Book Publication. (Action: Springer) and WWW site to support the book. (Action: Book Editors)

The Provisional Structure of the Book




Chapter 1: State of the Art in Volume Graphics
A. E. Kaufman


Chapter 2: Optimally Thin Tunnel-Free Triangular Meshes
V. E. Brimkov, R. P. Barneva and P. Nehlig

Chapter 3: Smooth Boundary Surfaces from Binary 3D Data Sets
D. Cohen-Or, A. Kadosh, D. Levin and R. Yagel

Chapter 4: Manufacturing Isovolumes
M. J. Bailey


Chapter 5: CROVE - A Rendering System for Constructive Representations of Volumetric Environments
M. Chen, J. V. Tucker and A. Leu

Chapter 6: vxt: A C++ Class Library for Object Voxelization
M. Srámek and A. Kaufman

Chapter 7: Generating Shaded Offset Surfaces with Distance Closest-Point and Color Volumes
D. E. Breen and S. Mauch

Chapter 8: NURBS-Based Volume Modelling
W. Zhongke, S. H. Soon and L. Feng


Chapter 9: Voxels Versus Polygons: A Comparative Approach to Volume Graphics
D. Bartz and M. Meißner

Chapter 10: Multi-Resolution Volume Rendering Based on Shear-Warp Factorization
Y. Yuting, L. Feng and S. H. Soon

Chapter 11: High-Quality Volume Rendering Using Seed Filling in View Lattice
J. Oikarinen, R. Hietala and L. Jyrkinen

Chapter 12: Extending Hypertextures to Non-Geometrically Definable Volume Data
R. Satherley and M. Jones


Chapter 13: Fast Animation of Amorphous and Gaseous Phenomena
S. King, R. A. Crawfis and W. Reid

Chapter 14: Visible Human Walk: Bringing Life Back to the Dead Body
W. Zhongke and E. C. Prakash

Chapter 15: Realistic Volume Animation with Alias
N. Gagvani and D. Silver


Chapter 16: Multiresolutional Parallel Isosurface Extraction Based on Tetrahedral Bisection
T. Gerstner and M. Rumpf

Chapter 17: A Shading and Compositing Processor Based on Crossbar Switches and SRAM Memory
M. Deyssenroth, M. de Boer, A. Gröpl, J. Hesser and R. Mönner

Chapter 18: Solving the Hazard Problem for Algorithmically Optimized Real-Time Volume Rendering
B. Vettermann, J. Hesser and R. Männer

Chapter 19: Hardware Accelerated Voxelization
S. Fang and H. Chen


Chapter 20: InViVo-IORT - A System for Quality Control in Intra-Operative Radio Therapy
S. Walter, G. Straßmann and M. Schmitt

Chapter 21: Computer Aided Facial Reconstruction for Forensic Identification
S. D. Michael

Chapter 22: A Morphological Approach to Volume Synthesis of Weathered Stones
N. Ozawa and I. Fujishiro

Chapter 23: Voxel Texture Mapping for Volumetric 3D Artistic Text Modeling
W. Zhongke and E. C. Prakash

Chapter 24: Volume Graphics and the Internet

K. Brodlie and J. Wood


Author Index

Subject Index

General Guidelines

This book is another major milestone of the Workshop, and we hope that all authors will make effort to ensure the quality of their contribution, in terms of the technical contents, the use of language, and the presentation. The editors also require authors of those papers, which were accepted by VG99 with a requirement for major revisions, to pay particular attention to the comments of the reviewers in order to make improvement in the chapter version of each paper. Editors are currently going through each paper in the preprint, and some additional instructions may be communicated to the authors of specific papers. The editors reserve the right not to include a sub-standard chapter in the book, though all of them wish that there is no need to exercise this right on any chapter.

Please pay specific attention to the following arrangement:

  • As we are writing a book which will be used by research students, and sometimes a postgraduate taught course, please prepare a good background section, avoiding diving into technical details too quickly. This is of particular importance in the case that the paper was following closely a piece of previously published work, such as a variant, or an improvement of an algorithm. However, we are NOT suggesting that one should describe in detail every classical algorithm, such as the marching cubes algorithm.
  • Provide cross references, wherever appropriate, between the chapters within the book, and please use the provisional chapter number in a citation (e.g. "... (see Chapter 1)."), rather than a standard reference to authors/titles/etc. Should there be any changes of the structure, the editors will make the appropriate corrections.
  • There will be a Subject Index for the book. All authors are required to list those keywords, which they wish to include in the index in a separate document to the editors.
  • There is an independent section of 16 colour pages in the book. Colour images selected from half-tone images in chapters will be included that sections. On average, this gives about half page per chapter, with some extra space. Each chapter may nominate 1-4 images with a preference order and appropriate captions (independent from the chapter). The final decision will be made by the editors based on image quality, image size and shape, layout of each colour page, relevance to volume graphics and artistic and illustrative values.
  • There will be WWW-site to support this book, where an abstract, colour images and videos (but not the main text) will be included for each chapter.
  • Following the instructions of Springer, all main documents must be prepared in MS-WORD, in order to maintain the consistency of the presentation. I am aware that many authors are LaTeX users, and we do appreciate that extra efforts may be needed in preparing the text. However, it is most important for authors to deliver the correct TEXT, IMAGES, and DRAWINGS to the editors. A MS-WORD template file is given to assist your preparation.

Documents for you to Download

All documents are given in two formats, that is, WORD in MS-Office97 (XXX.doc) or rich text format (XXX.rtf).

  1. CRC: A Guide for Authors -- you must read this carefully. Download CRC-VG.doc or CRC-VG.rtf
  2. CRC: Example/Template -- you must start you chapter with styles defined in this template. Please do not change the existing settings for the predefined styles. Download Example.doc or Example.rtf
  3. CRC: Layout Template -- It is useful to print this on a transparency for ensuring the text is within the margin of the book. Please make sure that the paper size is set to A4 (210mm x 297mm or 8.27" x 11.69") before printing. Download Template.doc or Template.rtf
  4. Publishing Agreement -- You must sign this form in order for your work to be published. Download Agree.doc or Agree.rtf
  5. Permission: Questions and Answers -- Please read this document. Download PermissionQA.doc or PermissionQA.rtf
  6. Permission: Form -- You need this form when you are using materials for which you do not have the copyright. Download Permission.doc or Permission.rtf

Manuscript Preparation

Please note the style for a book is different from that for the pre-print, though the changes are quite easy to make. Please following the instructions (i.e. CRC: A Guide for Authors) provided by Springer-Verlag London, with the following specifics from the editors.

PAPER SIZE: Please set your main chapter document to A4 size (i.e. (210mm x 297mm or 8.27" x 11.69"). In MS-WORD, this setting is sometimes changed to the default printer setting for the actual paper size. With a paper size other than A4, the margins will not function correctly. Since, the region of the book is quite small, the text should print OK on most common paper sizes.

MAIN TEXT: Please refer the main chapter text as "the chapter", or "this chapter", rather than "this paper" or "the paper".

ABSTRACT: Do NOT include an abstract in the Chapter, and the abstract will be published on the WWW site for the book.

ADDRESSES: Please do NOT include authors addresses (postal or email) in the main chapter text, and these will all go into the Author Index.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: Please do NOT acknowledge any grant support through a footnote on the opening page of a chapter. Instead, an acknowledgement section may be added at the end of a chapter.

SHORT TITLE: In some cases, a main chapter title may be too long to fit into a running heading, please make a short title (less than 50 characters including spaces) for the running heading in such a case.

MAXIMUM LENGTH: 25 pages per chapter. However, please let the editors know if it is going to be over that limit.

GREY SCALE IMAGES: For images in a chapter, please use good quality grey-scale images. Preferred resolutions are 200-240 dpi. Very high resolutions do not reproduce in half-tone very well. In most cases, please include the images in the documents as well as let the editors have the images separately in case of any problem. For the main text, if possible, please resample all colour images in grey scale to reduce the size of the document. Please make sure that there is no quality loss during the compression (i.e. always choose the maximum quality in formats such as JPEG).

COLOUR IMAGES: Colour images in the colour section are produced in a different manner. Preferred resolutions are 200-600 dpi.

REFERENCES: Please follow the guidelines for references, and make sure that the information is correct and complete. No editor enjoys working on references. Please note the small differences between this style and that for the VG99 pre-print. These changes include: no "and" between the last two co-authors, no space between initials, an full stop at the end of each references.

SPELLING: Authors may use either UK or USA spelling.

What do Authors Submit by 15 July 1999

As mentioned before, all major documents much be prepared in MS-WORD, and these documents must be submitted electronically. All digital materials must be submitted to the same FTP site as VG99, that is,

but with a different directory from the one you used before. The new directory name is composed of the first three letters (ALL IN UPPER CASE) Of the surname of the first author, followed the chapter number (you should be able to find this number in this text). For example, if the surname of the first author is Smith and 8 is the chapter number, the CRC of the paper should be uploaded to


For each chapter, the authors must submit by 15 July 1999 the followings digitally.

  1. A MS-WORD (version 98 or below) or RTF file for the main chapter text including grey-scale images.
  2. A separate cover page (in WORD, RTF or ASCII) including title, short title (for running heading), authors, addresses (postal, email) for all authors, and the name, telephone and fax of the contract author.
  3. A separate page (in WORD, RTF or ASCII) including a list of keywords which should be included in the index of the book. If you wish, you may indicate the page numbers (local to the chapter) for each keyword., instead of letting the computer do the match.
  4. A set of grey-scale images included in the chapters, and the preferred image formats are GIF, TIFF, and JPEG.
  5. 1-4 colour images, and the preferred image formats are TIFF and JPEG.
  6. A separate page (in WORD, RTF or ASCII) giving the preference order for selecting colour images, and caption of each colour image.
  7. A postscript file or a PDF file for the editors to see the intended layout (you may submit this by FAX or hardcopy).
  8. Other information advising the editors about any unusual fonts, drawing packages, and image formats used for the chapter.

Please email VG99 Secretariat as soon as you have uploaded your files successfully to the VG99 site.

The VG99 ftp site is a UNIX site. You may first combine your files to be uploaded into a single file using "tar" and compress it using "compress" or "gzip". Always using binary ftp for reliable transmission. Please do not use other software to combine and compress your files.

The authors should also submit the following as hardcopy or FAX.

  1. The publishing agreement form.
  2. The permission form (if you are using materials for which you do not have the copyright).
  3. A hardcopy of the paper for the editor only when you have no confidence in postscript file or a PDF file.

Please starting the preparation of items 1 and 2 immediately and return them to the contact editor as soon as possible.

What do Authors Submit by 30 September 1999

Please upload an abstract (i.e. the one used in the paper) in MS-WORD, RTF or ASCII. Please provide in the abstract a WWW link to authors' home pages if it is appropriate.

The images that you submitted previously are still available to the editors. However, it would take editors' a lot of effort to reduce the resolutions of these images for the WWW. We would therefore be grateful if you could help to submit a set of images particularly suitable for WWW display.

Please upload your abstract, images and videos to a sub-directory named as "WWW" (e.g. /pub/vg99/SMI8/WWW/) in your CRC directory. The preferred image formats for WWW are GIF and JPEG. The preferred video format is MPEG. If the total size of your images and videos exceeds 20M, please let the editors know before uploading.


All contributors will retain copyright in their own contributions to the Book, and contributors will give written permission to the Publisher to use their contribution in the Book, to print and publish for distribution throughout the world for the term of copyright. In other words, without a signed publishing agreement for a chapter, it will have to be excluded from the book.

Having this copyright agreement will allow authors to use parts of the contributions in some other forms, such as putting them on the WWW. However, as the work will be considered as published work after the publishing agreement, it will affect the definition of the originality of the work, and its suitability for other submissions. It is therefore considered inappropriate to submit the work to another conference or journal unless it does not request for any originality.

The work to be published in this book must be "scientifically original", and has not been published before. The copyright of any previously published materials may possibly belong to the publisher(s) concerned. All authors should pay attention to this clause in the publishing agreement.

Page maintained by Min Chen (Contact Editor).