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The aim of this module is to provide the student with basic skills required for laboratory research in the field of applied medical sciences. The module will be both theoretical and applied: the student will be instructed in methods essential for data acquisition and analyses but will also actively participate in the laboratory, using broadly applicable experimental techniques. They will also develop skills that are not experimental techniques themselves, but are nevertheless fundamental to the scientific process, such as `lab math,¿ sourcing information, referencing, ethics and health and safety.
This module is designed to provide the foundational knowledge necessary to develop a deeper understanding of the historical context and antecedents for population health. It will address the structure, stakeholders, and processes of local, national and international health systems. An examination of the historical events and social, political, economic and demographic forces will help to contextualise the challenges faced by health systems stakeholders. Topics will cover both organisational and individual perspectives of population health and will serve as a foundation for further modules.
This module presents students with a diverse range of information about careers and employability that will help them to begin to consider and plan future study and career developments. Students will complete the SEA bronze award and will participate in interactive taught sessions which will explore topics including the skills, knowledge and values that employers expect, and practical ways of developing competencies in these areas. This module also provides students with the opportunity to complete an observational work placement with NHS Wales Informatics Service (NWIS). There may be opportunities for students to speak Welsh in their observational work placements.
This module introduces students to some of the basic concepts and theories of computer science within a population health context. It builds upon and develops the students' elementary knowledge of discrete mathematics and descriptive statistics, and illustrates the growing role of ICT in Health Systems, and Health and Social Care service provision. Topics will adopt both technological and sociological perspectives. This module will serve as a foundation for two further modules (PM238 Biostatistics, and PM-348 Data to Decisions).
Communities now play a key role in improving and sustaining good health and the delivery of care. This has led to the development of a new field within medical education and practice called Community Medicine. Community Medicine is often considered synonymous with Preventative and Social Medicine (PSM), Public Health, and Community Health because of a shared concern with the prevention of disease and promotion of health and wellbeing. This module introduces students to the wide range of approaches encompassed within Community Medicine. These include preventative, promotive, curative and rehabilitative approaches aimed at improving population health through community-based health and care.
This is an introductory module aimed at those new to health informatics. It introduces students to the basic concepts and theories of Health Informatics, and explores the use of these in a variety of healthcare settings within national and global contexts. It will trace the origins, development and scope of Health Informatics, and identify contemporary issues at the forefront of the discipline. The module will also explore some of the roles that Health Informatics professionals might have within health and social care organisations.
An important aspect of the role of scientists concerns the communication of complex scientific ideas and research to non-specialist audiences. This module will explore methods of science communication including public events and campaigns and through digital and social media. There will be a focus on visual communication techniques (such as digital storytelling and infographics) to facilitate engagement and presentation of information for different audiences. Students will be required to deliver a short presentation, create a poster, write an abstract, and write and deliver a podcast (digital audio file).
Should we clone humans? What should we think of the coming genetic revolution? How much control should we have over how and when we dies? Is rationing health care good, bad, necessary or all of the above? This module will explore fundamental ethical issues that arise in medicine, healthcare and the life sciences. Some are as old as life itself: the vulnerability of illness, the fact of death. Some are new, brought on by a dizzying pace of technology that can unsettle our core ideas about human nature and our place in the world. Through an analysis of extant principles, theories and practices, this module aims to develop students' critical awareness of the moral, ethical and legal issues inherent within medicine, healthcare and the life sciences more broadly.
This module is for students with an interest in entering teaching, and involves placements in local schools The student will engage both in observation and in various teaching activities. The module will be assessed through various methods including a written report and the teachers report.
The module gives students an understanding, not only of the importance of using data, but of doing so safely and effectively to inform decision-making for population health and well-being. It covers five staged themes (forming a repeating cycle) and one cross-cutting theme: Stages: 1. Data provenance and collection 2. Data sharing platforms, formats and management 3. Data-intensive research 4. Evidence-based policy and practice development 5. The application of data in decision-making, which loops back to point 1. Cross-cutting theme: 6. Data in context This cross-cutting theme covers data governance, and the legal, ethical and societal (ELSI) issues in the safe use of person-based data for research, development and evaluation initiatives leading to evidence-based decisions. As well as the benefits of data use, it brings in harm that occurs when data are misused, and the harm that occurs to individuals and burdens to society when data cannot be used effectively. This module introduces students to the fundamental concepts, theories and applications of data use within a population health context. It explores the practical issues of dealing with large amounts of routinely collected health data, and the ways these data can be used to in evidence-based medicine. Topics will cover data linkage, data analytics, data governance, bias in data, emerging forms of data and innovations in data visualization.
This module consolidates global issues on the social, economic, political and environmental determinants of population size, structure and population health in both, high income countries as well as low and middle income countries from a multidisciplinary approach including social sciences, epidemiology, demography and public health. Topics include the relationship health and economic change; social support, social capital and health; policy responses to inequalities in health; prospects for mortality and morbidity change; urbanization and its implications for health, poverty, population change and inequalities; the `double burden¿ of disease and its consequences; the roles of nutrition an obesity for health of populations; emerging and current infectious diseases; the global burden of mental health disorders; and priorities for health improvements for low income countries. Throughout the module, students are encouraged to consider potential future opportunities and challenges for global population health.
This module is designed to further develop students¿ knowledge and understanding of the development and evaluation of natural experiments and non-randomised studies of interventions (NRSIs). These are necessary when the population cannot be randomised to intervention and control arms of an experiment. The module will cover evaluations of national economic or local government policies using relevant examples from recent natural experiments and NRSIs. Including, for example, the impact of outdoor green and blue spaces on mental health and wellbeing, and improvements to social housing and the resulting health utilisation impact. In addition, the module will explore how these wider determinants of health are evaluated to most effectively to contribute evidence to enable policy decisions resulting in reduced inequities.
This module will explore and evaluate the issues for the provision of Autism related services (including clinical, social and educational) for children and adults with a suspected or actual diagnosis of Autism. Additionally, it will debate the process for the transition from childhood services to adult services to explore how current provision is reflective of need (or not) and how such a transition can be managed. Furthermore, it will evaluate recent policy initiatives in terms of how they can be incorporated and integrated into Autism related services.
This module will explore various aspects of statutory law and its relevance to the provision of Autism related services: for example exploring the legal requirements outlined in The Autism Act 2010 and the Human Rights Act 1998. Furthermore, often due to the some of the challenging behavior exhibited by people with Autism, it has been reported that they can have various levels of engagement with the criminal justice and other legal systems, and this module will explore the interaction between people with an Autism Spectrum Disorder and legal system to examine the issues involved, to discuss how the criminal justice system is able to cope with the needs of people with Autism. Lastly, the module will critically review and discuss local and national policy directives relating to Autism.
The module is for students to build on their previous knowledge, skills and experience by undertaking a medical genomics research project.
In this module, students will develop their research skills by learning how to write a research proposal and prepare for the research dissertation.
The module examines key issues in research on social work and social care by presenting a series of case studies illustrating various research methods applied in these areas.