Mr Youri van Logchem

Youri van Logchem was appointed to a Lectureship in Law at Swansea University in 2015. He obtained his LLB (with honourable mention) at Utrecht University, the Netherlands, and graduated cum laude from his two-year Honorary Master’s in Legal Research at the same University in 2009. He received a Diploma from the Rhodes Academy for Oceans Law and Policy in 2012.
After completion of his LLM degree, he worked as a junior researcher/lecturer at the department of Legal Theory at Utrecht University. Thereafter, he started his PhD at the Netherlands Institute for the Law of the Sea (NILOS) of Utrecht University, supervised by Professor A.H.A. Soons and Professor A.G. Oude Elferink. He is currently still affiliated to NILOS as a PhD fellow. His PhD thesis focuses on the rules of international law governing the conduct of activities in areas of overlapping maritime claims that are not regulated by provisional arrangements.
In 2011, Youri received a Law of the Sea Institute (LOSI) Research Competition Award for Early Career Researchers and presented a paper on the “The Scope for Unilateralism in Disputed Maritime Areas” (published in C. Schofield, S. Lee and M.-S. Kwon (eds.), The Limits of Maritime Jurisdiction (Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2013)) at the Sixth Annual LOSI International Conference, in Wollongong, Australia. He was awarded the Rhodes Academy Submarine Cables Award sponsored by the International Cable Protection Committee for a paper entitled: ‘Submarine Telecommunication Cables in Disputed Maritime Areas’ (published in Ocean Development and International Law in 2014) in 2013.
Youri’s main areas of expertise are international law of the sea and general international law. He teaches International and Transnational Aspects of Oil and Gas Law, and Law of the Sea on the LLM level.

Publications

  1. Exploration and Exploitation of Oil and Gas Resources in Maritime Areas of Overlap under International Law: the Falklands (Malvinas). In Hague Yearbook of International Law / Annuaire de La Haye de Droit International. (pp. 29-66). Leiden: Koninklijke Brill.
  2. & Rights and Obligations in Areas of Overlapping Maritime Claims. In S. Jayakumar, Tommy Koh and Robert Beckman (Ed.), The South China Sea Disputes and Law of the Sea. (pp. 192-228). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
  3. The Scope for Unilateralism in Disputed Maritime Areas. In Clive Schofield; Seokwoo Lee; and Moon-Sang Kwon (Ed.), The Limits of Maritime Jurisdiction. (pp. 175-197). Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.
  4. Submarine Telecommunication Cables in Disputed Maritime Areas. Ocean Development & International Law 45(1), 107-122.
  5. The Status of a Rule of Capture Under International Law of the Sea with Regard to Offshore Oil and Gas Resource Related Activities. Michigan State International Law Review

Teaching

  • LA-122A Fundamental Principles of Tort Law

    This module is for visiting and exchange students who wish to pursue Tort law.

  • LA-124 Fundamental Principles of International Law

    This module is available to visiting and exchange students only.

  • LAGM06 Law of the Sea

    The oceans constitute more than two-thirds of the entire planet and are of fundamental importance for human activity and for sustaining life: e.g. they provide for commerce and navigational routes and contain a substantial amount of our natural resources. This module examines the international and regional legal framework that is applicable to the oceans, and addresses a number of key issues and concepts of the law of the sea, including the rights and duties of states over maritime areas and its resources, as well as with regard to maritime areas that are beyond the jurisdiction of (coastal) states (e.g. the high seas); illegal conduct and law enforcement at sea; navigational rights of vessels; and the importance of marine environmental issues. The primary aim of this course is to provide a critical overview of the rules of public international law that address the oceans, with an emphasis on those rules that concern their use and relate to marine resources. The principal rights and duties of coastal states will be analysed and evaluated, with particular reference to the allocation and exploitation of natural resources, as well as the rules governing jurisdiction over maritime areas. There will also be an examination of shared resources and maritime areas beyond coastal state jurisdiction, as well as the rules on dispute resolution under the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea and general international law. Law of the sea cases constitute a significant portion of the case-load of many leading international courts and tribunals. The South China Sea Arbitration (The Republic of the Philippines v. The People¿s Republic of China) is a recent example of a case that will be analysed more closely. Issues concerning the exercise of maritime jurisdiction by coastal states, navigation and shipping standards, and submarine cables and pipelines will also receive appropriate attention. Topical issues, such as sea-level rise, disputes brought out by the absence of maritime boundaries (including in the South China Sea and the East China Sea), and the contemporary fight against maritime piracy, will also be discussed as part of the module. Understanding the law of the sea is of vital importance for students that want to become maritime lawyers: for instance, shipping and navigation are regulated on the international level by this branch of law. Knowledge of the law of the sea is equally important for students that are interested in oil and gas law, as the law of the sea provides the applicable international legal framework concerning offshore oil and gas resources.

  • LAMM01 Admiralty Law

    This module concerns a practical aspect of maritime law which was developed by the Admiralty Court of England and Wales and which has subsequently influenced many countries in the world. The aim of the module is to provide students with a practical and critical knowledge of those aspects of maritime law relating to the running of the ship. The module is in two parts. Part one deals with substantive areas of maritime law such as the law of collisions, harbour law, pilotage, salvage, general average, carriage of passengers and limitation of liability. Part two focuses on enforcement of maritime claims through the practice and procedure of the Admiralty Court, including arrest, jurisdiction and maritime liens. Also, contemporary public law issues that have a bearing on ship operations, such as ship registration and port state control, are also considered in this module.

  • LAMM30 International and Transnational Aspects of Oil and Gas Law

    Our prosperity, progress and mobility are heavily indebted to utilising hydrocarbon resources for energy. Oil and gas are transportable, still relatively cheap and comparatively abundant sources of energy. They are also the fundamental ingredient in many of the products that we use daily and the engine of economic growth in many parts of our globalised world.¿ Nowadays, 60% of the oil and gas resources come from offshore areas ¿ supplies of oil and gas on land are increasingly nearing the end of their lifespan, and chances are slim of discovering new oil and gas supplies on land. Predictions have been made that about 70% of the oil and gas reserves that have yet to be discovered are located offshore, some of which are based in areas where the States concerned have not agreed on the location of the maritime boundary dividing their coasts. As a result, maritime areas where oil and gas resources are present, or are rumoured to be located, have increasingly come to attract the interest of the oil and gas industry. This led to a significant expansion of the offshore industry, particularly in the last 25 years, which aligns to the moment as of when the offshore exploration and exploitation for oil and gas resources took flight. Besides the role of the oil and gas industry, which deals with unique challenges and has inherently distinctive characteristics, a prominent player in relation to offshore oil and gas resources is the State. Coastal States are attributed sovereignty or sovereignty over oil and gas resources for the purpose of exploration and exploitation under international law. This means, amongst others, that the decision as to begin with activities in connection with oil and gas resources rests with coastal States. It is also the prerogative of States to determine which maritime areas will be opened for exploration or exploitation, to decide which oil and gas companies will receive the permission to engage therein, and to regulate the conditions under which this will take place. In addition, they are given the jurisdictional rights to erect installations, such as oil platforms, that assist in the actual exploitation of oil and gas resources. This module aims to provide the students with an understanding of the international and transnational legal frameworks governing oil and gas resources and the oil and gas sector, including intellectual property issues. For this purpose the module will examine the following: 1. The International Legal Framework Governing Offshore Hydrocarbon Resources: The rights of (coastal) States over hydrocarbon resources under public international law with a particular emphasis on the exploration and exploitation of offshore oil and gas resources. 2. Licensing and the Role of the State: The State that has sovereign rights over oil and gas resources and can give rights to oil and gas companies to explore for and produce these resources. To this end, different arrangements and agreements by which rights are created for oil and gas companies can be concluded by the State, including licenses and production sharing contracts. 3. Oily IP: International and transnational frameworks of intellectual property law, with a particular focus on the TRIPS Agreement and the use of publicly granted patents, trademarks and industrial designs to establish and protect market differentiation within the oil and gas industry.