I joined the Institute of International Shipping and Trade Law (IISTL) in 2011 as a lecturer and I was promoted to senior lecturer in 2014. I am a graduate of the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens. I also hold LLM degrees in Commercial Law from the University of Bristol (England, 2002) and in Air and Space Law from the Institute of Air and Space Law of McGill University (Montreal, Canada, 2003). I completed my PhD degree in air law with emphasis on liability and insurance at Trinity Hall, Cambridge University in 2009.

Before joining the Institute, I worked as a Solicitor at Gates and Partners in London for several years where I advised on aerospace liability and airlines’ regulatory matters. I was also an assistant to the legal counsel of the International Union of Aviation Insurers (IUAI) providing support in relation to the replacement of the Rome Convention on Surface Damage. I am an instructor at the Training and Development Institute of the International Air Transport Association (IATA) where I teach international air law for lawyers and legal professionals, law of aviation insurance and air cargo liability. I am also a contributing writer to Shawcross and Beaumont on Air Law.

My principal research interest is the carriage of passengers and goods by air, but my interests extend to multimodal transport, insurance law and tort law. I am an active researcher and my doctoral thesis, "Risk and Liability in Air Law" was published by Informa in September 2009.

My most recent article is entitled ʻ“Door to door” application of the international air law conventions: commercially convenient, but judicially dubiousʼ and has been accepted for publication in the August 2015 issue of Lloyd’s Maritime and Commercial Law Quarterly (August 2015 issue). I am also authoring a book together with Professor Malcolm Clarke of Cambridge University on Air Cargo Insurance (Informa law from Routledge, 2016).

Areas of Expertise

  • law of aviation insurance
  • multimodal transport
  • property rights over aircraft
  • tort law
  • carriage of goods and passengers by air

Publications

  1. test of cronfa path.
  2. & Carriage of Passengers by Sea: A Critical Analysis of the International Regime. Michigan State University International Law Review, 26
  3. & Tackling IUU Fishing- Developing A Holistic Legal Response. Transnational Environmental Law, 7
  4. & Air cargo insurance. Informa Law from Routledge.
  5. Door to door application of the international air law conventions. Lloyd's Maritime and Commercial Law Quarterly 3, 368-405.

See more...

Teaching

  • LA-122A Fundamental Principles of Tort Law

    This module is for visiting and exchange students who wish to pursue Tort law.

  • LACM10 Carriage of Goods by Sea, Land and Air

    Goods are carried all over the world by different modes of transport ¿ by land, rail, sea and air. This module analyses the issues that arise in relation to each form of transportation. In most cases, cargo is carried purely by one mode of transport (unimodal transport). For example, bulk cargoes are generally carried solely by sea and such carriage is subject to compulsory international regimes which are intended to regulate that mode of carriage i.e. the Hague, Hague-Visby and Hamburg Rules. Similarly, high value cargoes and pharmaceuticals are generally carried solely by air and are compulsorily subject to the Warsaw/Montreal Conventions. However, it is also common for goods to be carried in the one receptacle but by different modes of transport e.g. one container may be carried by road, rail, sea and air (multimodal transport). Such form of carriage gives rise to particular difficulties since whilst separate conventions apply to individual legs of the carriage, there is no one international convention which applies to the whole of such carriage. This module is designed to analyse the different features and characteristics of the different forms of contract of carriage that are currently used in relation to both unimodal and multi modal transport, the problems that may be faced when cargo carried under such contracts is lost or damaged and the part played by the current international regimes i.e. the Hague, Hague-Visby and Hamburg Rules in relation to carriage by sea, the Warsaw/Montreal Conventions in relation to carriage by air, CMR in relation to carriage by road and CIM/COTIF in relation to carriage by rail. The module also considers the impact of future developments such as the possible implementation of the Rotterdam Rules which are intended to regulate all modes of transport in the same manner. Finally, this module examines a number of contemporary difficulties which arise both in relation to the nature of bailment contracts and the practicalities of cargo claims.

  • LACM17 International Commercial Arbitration

    International disputes that cannot be otherwise resolved are customarily referred to arbitration. As such, a global network of arbitration organizations and international institutions exist to address references to arbitration. The module examines the arbitration structures which exist to resolve international disputes in the context of commercial arbitration and the associated questions of private international law.

  • LACM21 Ship and Other Mobile Assets Finance Law

    The availability of credit is a vital stimulant for entrepreneurial activities both within and across jurisdictions and most modern day businesses in the transport sector rely on external capital to finance their operations. This module focuses on the legal framework and policy concerns that underpin the provision of credit with particular emphasis on ship and other mobile assets, such as aircraft, both in the context of English law and from an international perspective. The module will inquire into the nature and functions of credit and other mechanisms for financing the acquisition of high-value assets, most notably leasing. The module will also examine legal principles governing the creation and operation of the most popular forms of financing mobile assets. The module will explore the manner in which the law seeks to regulate and balance the competing interests of different categories of creditors, lessors, lessees and other parties implicated in or affected by credit and leasing arrangements with particular emphasis on the transport sector.

  • LACM31 Employability Skills in the Commercial and Maritime Industry

    This module provides LLM students with the key skills that are required to succeed in degree level study in the discipline of maritime and commercial law. This module provides practical guidance in written and oral communication skills necessary to succeed in the careers following the completion of the LLM. Students are introduced to the skills needed in applying for jobs and/or moving forward in a career path, including how to recognise and make the most of experience, learning, and knowledge and how to promote themselves effectively, including ways of qualifying as a practicing lawyer in England & Wales. The module is supported by outside speakers who share their expertise with our LLM students, give them an insight of their commercial and maritime practice.

  • LAMM03 The Law of Marine Insurance

    This module provides an introduction to the foundations and basic concepts of the law of marine property insurance, i.e. the insurance of ships, cargoes and freight. The law considered is predominantly English law, although it is of international relevance for two reasons. First, principles of English marine insurance law are to be found in many Commonwealth jurisdictions and is recognised as authorative in the United States. Secondly, forms used in London Insurance market are to be found in 2/3 of the world¿s markets (according to the UNCTAD) and the US forms show marked similarities. English marine insurance law is based upon the Marine Insurance Act 1906 as modified by the Insurance Act 2015. Most provisions of the Act, however, are frequently subject to contrary agreement between the parties and the Act does not address the perils against which cover is provided. Accordingly, considerable emphasis is placed on the standard clauses of the International Underwriting Association of London where much of the substance of modern marine insurance contracts is to be found. Throughout the module, the respective positions, rights and duties of assureds and insurers are analysed, as also are the concepts of indemnity, subrogation and co-insurance.

  • LAMM19 Law and Practice relating to International Banking and Commercial Payments

    This module is about money in international commerce. More specifically it concerns the legal nature of payment and the duty to pay money, and the different mechanisms that may be adopted to structure and discharge the payment obligations of international buyers of goods and services. We also look at personal and bank security . The payment mechanisms examined include cash and open account, bills of exchange, documentary bills, bank transfers and documentary credits. In addition we look at methods that may be adopted to guarantee or secure payment, including personal security, promissory notes, standby credits and performance bonds. The emphasis is on international payments and the forms used worldwide, such as the URC522, the UCP600 and the URDG. We concentrate on analysis and comparison; on the identification of fundamental characteristics; and above all on practical and commercial considerations.

Supervision

  • Forum Non Conveniens in Aviation Litigation: Doctrine Conveniens or Doctrine Non Conveniens? (current)

    Student name:
    PhD
    Other supervisor: Dr Georgios Leloudas
    Other supervisor: Prof Andrew Tettenborn
  • 'Impact of Piracy on Shipping Contracts' (awarded 2017)

    Student name:
    PhD
    Other supervisor: Prof Baris Soyer
    Other supervisor: Dr Georgios Leloudas

Administrative Responsibilities

  • LLM Projects Coodinator - College of Law

    2011 - Present

  • LLM Moot Director - College of Law

    2011 - Present

  • LLM Educational Trips Director - College of Law

    2011 - Present

  • Taught Masters Visiting Lectures Co-ordinator - College of Law

    2011 - Present

Career History

Start Date End Date Position Held Location
2008 2011 Solicitor Gates and Partners, London
2011 Present Lecturer Department of Postgraduate Legal Studies, College of Law, Swansea University

External Responsibilities

  • Editor of the Annals of Air and Space Law, Institute of Air and Space Law of McGill University

    2009 - Present

  • Delivering professional courses on the Law of Aviation Insurance, Training & Development of the IATA

    2009 - Present

Research Groups

  • Member

    Institute of International Shipping and Trade Law, College of Law, Swansea University