Senior Lecturer in Medical Engineering
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Dr Sanjiv Sharma received his PhD on the development of analytical methods for determination of certain pharmaceuticals and their metabolites using miniaturised separation system in 2001. His PhD supervised by Dr Sunil Kumar Sanghi, was  a part of an Indo- European Community joint research project on miniaturised separation system in collaboration with University of Amsterdam. He then performed postdoctoral research in the areas of high throughput sequencing, clinical proteomics and miniaturised analytical systems in France and Germany from 2001-2004. In 2004, he was awarded a Chevening Technology Fellowship to work with Professor Andrew deMello on microfluidic microreaction systems in the Department of Chemistry at Imperial College London.

On completion of his fellowship he joined the Institute of Biomedical Engineering, Imperial College London to work with Professor Tony Cass in the area of Bionanotechnology and Biosensors. Here he developed minimally invasive microneedles, from photolithographic fabrication to high throughput fabrication, taking these microneedles from the lab to the clinic . Sanjiv was involved in a NIHR (i4i) funded research project involving clinical studies in healthy volunteers and participants with T1D with renowned Endocrinologist Clinicians; Professor Desmond Johnston and Professor Nick Oliver. He has published over 35 research articles and filed patents in Germany, UK and the United States.

Sanjiv is currently a Senior Lecturer in Medical Engineering in the College of Engineering at Swansea University. At Swansea, he is working on therapeutic drug delivery and diagnostic (theranostic) applications of polymeric microneedles.


Areas of Expertise

  • Microneedles
  • Minimally invasive sensors
  • Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM)
  • Continuous lactate monitoring (CLM)
  • Interstitial therapeutic drug monitoring (iTDM)


  1. & A pilot study in humans of microneedle sensor arrays for continuous glucose monitoring. Analytical Methods 10(18), 2088-2095.
  2. & Delivering precision antimicrobial therapy through closed-loop control systems. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
  3. & Study of Electrochemical Impedance of a Continuous Glucose Monitoring Sensor and its Correlation with Sensor Performance. IEEE Sensors Letters, 1-1.
  4. & Towards a minimally invasive device for beta-lactam monitoring in humans. Electrochemistry Communications 82, 1-5.
  5. & Rapid, low cost prototyping of transdermal devices for personal healthcare monitoring. Sensing and Bio-Sensing Research 13, 104-108.
  6. & Microneedle Enzyme Sensor Arrays for Continuous In Vivo Monitoring. In Enzymes as Sensors. (pp. 413-427). Elsevier.
  7. & (2017). Minimally Invasive Microneedle Array Electrodes Employing Direct Electron Transfer Type Glucose Dehydrogenase for the Development of Continuous Glucose Monitoring Sensors. Presented at Procedia Technology,, 208-209. doi:10.1016/j.protcy.2017.04.087
  8. & Evaluation of a minimally invasive glucose biosensor for continuous tissue monitoring. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 408(29), 8427-8435.
  9. & (2016). Live demonstration: A portable multi-channel potentiostat for real-time amperometric measurement of multi-electrode sensor arrays. , 2373-2373. Montreal, QC, Canada: IEEE. doi:10.1109/iscas.2016.7539064
  10. (2016). Abstracts from ATTD 2016 9th International Conference on Advanced Technologies & Treatments for DiabetesMilan, Italy–February 3–6, 2016. Presented at Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics,(S1), A-1-A-140. doi:10.1089/dia.2016.2525
  11. & Detection of cardiac biomarker proteins using a disposable based on a molecularly imprinted polymer grafted onto graphite. Microchimica Acta 182(5-6), 975-983.
  12. (2015). Abstracts from ATTD 20158th International Conference on Advanced Technologies & Treatments for DiabetesParis, France—February 18–21, 2015. Presented at Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics,(S1), A-1-A-180. doi:10.1089/dia.2015.1525
  13. & Dip-pen patterning of poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene) chain-conformation-based nano-photonic elements. Nature Communications 6, 5977
  14. & Aptamer-based biosensors for the rapid visual detection of flu viruses. Chem. Commun. 50(98), 15533-15536.
  15. & Protein-responsive polymers for point-of-care detection of cardiac biomarker. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 196, 123-132.
  17. & Scaling advantages and constraints in miniaturized capture assays for single cell protein analysis. Lab on a Chip 13(11), 2066
  18. & Smart plastic antibody material (SPAM) tailored on disposable screen printed electrodes for protein recognition: Application to myoglobin detection. Biosensors and Bioelectronics 45, 237-244.
  20. & Microfluidic device to investigate factors affecting performance in biosensors designed for transdermal applications. Lab Chip 12(2), 348-352.
  21. & Droplet-Based Microfluidics. In Microfluidic Diagnostics. (pp. 207-230). Humana Press.
  22. & Microfluidic Diagnostics. In Droplet-Based Microfluidics for Binding Assays and Kinetics Based on FRET. (pp. 231-240).
  23. & Method for fabricating nanostructures via nanotemplates using dip-pen nanolithography. Micro & Nano Letters 7(10), 1038-1040.

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  • EGDM03 Individual Research Project

    The module involves the application of advanced scientific and engineering principles to the solution of a practical problem coming from outside engineering. The student will be working independently on a substantial, individually assigned task, using accepted planning procedures. It will require and develop self-organisation and a critical evaluation of options and results, as well as developing technical knowledge in the topic of research. The student will develop a clear view on the integration of medical engineering in a professional environment.

  • EGM403 Implant Engineering 2

    This module is an advanced look at the design, fabrication and optimisation of medical implants and prosthetics. Case studies will be used to bring together engineering concepts and apply them to key devices that are used to treat disease and assist patients.


  • Development of Microneedle devices for drug delivery (current)

    Student name:
    Other supervisor: Prof Owen Guy
  • Development of Graphene Based Biosensors for Early Detection of Dementia (current)

    Student name:
    Other supervisor: Prof Owen Guy

Career History

Start Date End Date Position Held Location
September 2011 September 2017 Research Fellow Imperial College London

Invited Presentations, Lectures and Conferences

Date Description
May 2017 Minimally invasive, continuous glucose monitoring in human subjects. 5th International Congress on Bio-Sensing Technologies.