I am interested in the health and culture of the early and central middle ages in Europe, and am currently working on two major research projects:

  • Effaced from History? Facial Difference and its Impact from Antiquity to the Present Day, a collaborative project that has already received Seed funding from the Wellcome Trust and which incorporates my own research on medieval disfigurement. Project blog here.
  • The Enclosed Garden: Pleasure, Contemplation and Cure in the Medieval Hortus Conclusus (PI Professor Liz Herbert McAvoy), in which my role is to explore examples of historical enclosed gardens and their owners. Project blog here.

I first joined Swansea in an honorary capacity in the Centre for Medieval and Early Modern Research (MEMO) in 2011.

Research groups: MEMO at Swansea; Society for Medieval Feminist Scholarship; Society for the Study of the Medieval Mediterranean; Society for the Social History of Medicine


  1. Living with Disfigurement in Early Medieval Europe. Palgrave.
  2. Mutilation and the law in early medieval Europe and India: a comparative study. The Medieval Globe 2(2), 115-139.
  3. 'Better off dead than disfigured'? The challenges of facial injury in the premodern past. Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 26, 25-41.
  4. The Gendered Nose and its Lack: “Medieval” Nose-Cutting and its Modern Manifestations. Journal of Women's History 26(1), 45-67.
  5. Marking the face, curing the soul? Reading the disfigurement of women in the later middle ages. In Naoe Kukita Yoshikawa (Ed.), Medicine, Religion and Gender in Medieval Culture, ed. Naoe Kukita Yoshikawa. (pp. 181-201). Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer.

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  • HIMM02 Research Folder

    A course designed to help students to identify their dissertation subject, to prepare for it bibliographically, and to plan its research and writing.


  • The Medieval Mouth, Dentistry and Oral Health (current)

    Student name:
    Other supervisor: Prof David Turner
  • Recorded Responses to Epilepsy in the Late Antique and Medieval Period (current)

    Student name:
    Other supervisor: Prof David Turner

External Responsibilities