I am interested in the health and culture of the early and central middle ages in Europe, and am currently working on two major research projects:

  • Effaced from History? Facial Difference and its Impact from Antiquity to the Present Day, a collaborative project that has already received Seed funding from the Wellcome Trust and which incorporates my own research on medieval disfigurement. Project blog here.
  • The Enclosed Garden: Pleasure, Contemplation and Cure in the Medieval Hortus Conclusus (PI Professor Liz Herbert McAvoy), in which my role is to explore examples of historical enclosed gardens and their owners. Project blog here.

I first joined Swansea in an honorary capacity in the Centre for Medieval and Early Modern Research (MEMO) in 2011.

Research groups: MEMO at Swansea; Society for Medieval Feminist Scholarship; Society for the Study of the Medieval Mediterranean; Society for the Social History of Medicine


  1. Corpora and cultural transmission? Political uses of the body in Norman texts, 1050-1150. In People, Texts and Artefacts: Cultural Transmission in the Medieval Norman Worlds, edited by David Bates, Eduardo d'Angelo and Elisabeth van Houts. (pp. 213-229). London: Institute of Historical Research.
  2. & Strange Fruits: Grafting, Foreigners and the Garden Imaginary in Northern France and Germany, 1250-1350. Speculum
  3. Studying Gender in Medieval Europe: Historical Approaches. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
  4. Sexuality. In A Cultural History of Western Medieval Empires, edited by Matthew Gabriele. (pp. 00-00). London: Bloomsbury.
  5. & Introduction: Situating the Different Face. In Approaches to Facial Difference: Past and Present. (pp. 1-8). London: Bloomsbury.

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  • HIH2019 Gendering the Middle Ages: Power and Exclusion

    This module introduces gender theory as it has been applied to medieval culture. It traces the development of gender studies from early attempts at medieval women's history through successive `waves┬┐ of feminist studies, to gendered approaches which broadened considerations to include masculinity, sexuality and transgender identities. Exploring case studies from the 5th to the 15th centuries, the course will introduce students to the processes by which many voices have been excluded from traditional medieval histories, offering an alternative view from the perspective of the disempowered.


  • The Medieval Mouth, Dentistry and Oral Health (current)

    Student name:
    Other supervisor: Prof David Turner
  • Recorded Responses to Epilepsy in the Late Antique and Medieval Period (current)

    Student name:
    Other supervisor: Prof David Turner

External Responsibilities