Swansea University - Professor Joel Trachtman

Professor Joel P. Trachtman

Specialist Subjects: -

Current Research Interests

International economic law, including international trade, finance, migration, investment, and business law.  


Recent Publications 


The Future of International Law: Global Government (Cambridge University Press), (2013) 

The Tools of Argument:  How the Best Lawyers Think, Argue, and Win, Createspace, (2013)

Developing Countries in the WTO Legal System (co-editor with Chantal Thomas, and chapter author), Oxford University Press, (2009) 

Ruling the World: Constitutionalism, International Law, and Global Governance (co-editor with Jeffrey Dunoff, and chapter author), Cambridge University Press, (2009)

The International Law of Economic Migration: Toward the Fourth Freedom, Upjohn Institute, (2009) 

International Law and International Politics (editor), Ashgate Press, (2008) 

The Economic Structure of International Law, Harvard University Press, (2008)
Trachtman, Joel P. The Economic Structure of International Law. Harvard University Press, (2008)  

Trachtman, Joel P. The International Economic Law Revolution and the Right to Regulate, (2006) 


Review Essay:  The Anti-Globalization Paradox:  Freedom to Enter Into International Law is Real Freedom (review of Dani Rodrik, The Globalization Paradox) The World Economy, July 2013. 

Philippines—Taxes on Distilled Spirits:  Toward a Border Tax Adjustment? 12 World Trade Review 297 (2013) (with Damien Neven). 

Open Economy Law, in Interdisciplinary Perspectives on International Law and International Politics:  The State of the Art (Cambridge University Press 2012).

Incorporating Development in a Trans-Pacific Partnership among Diverse Members, in The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) – A Quest for Twenty-first Century Trade Agreement (Cambridge University Press 2012). 

Who Cares About Human Rights?  The Supply and Demand of International Human Rights Law, 44 NYU Journal of International Law and Politics 851 (2012).

The Crisis of International Law, 44 Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law (2011).

Fragmentation, Coherence, and Synergy in International Law, 2 Transnational Legal Theory 505 (2011).

Interpretation and Institutional Choice at the WTO, 52 Virginia Journal of International Law 103 (2011) (with Gregory Shaffer) (subject of discussion on Opinio Juris blog).

Incomplete Harmonization Contracts in International Economic Law:  Report of the Panel, China—Measures Affecting the Protection and Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights, 10 World Trade Review 63-86 (2011) (with Kamal Saggi).

Persistent Objectors, Cooperation, and the Utility of Customary International Law, 21 Duke Journal of Comparative and International Law 221 (2010).

The International Law of Financial Crisis: Spillovers, Subsidiarity, Fragmentation, and Cooperation, 13:3 Journal of International Economic Law 719-742 (2010).

International Law and Domestic Political Coalitions:  The Grand Thoery of Compliance with International Law, 11 Chicago Journal of International Law (2010).   

Yuan to Fight About It?  The WTO Legality of China’s Exchange Rate Regime, in VOXEU e-book, edited by Simon Evenett, April 20, 2010.   

Review Essay: The Law Market, by Erin A. O'Hara and Larry E. Ribstein (Oxford, 2009), forthcoming in American Journal of International Law.

Subsidization, Price Suppression, and Expertise: Causation and Precision in Upland Cotton (with André Sapir), 7 (Special Issue 1) World Trade Review 183, (2008)

 "Canada-Wheat: Discrimination, Non-Commercial Considerations, and the Right to Regulate Through State Trading Enterprises (with Bernard Hoekman)" 7 (Special Issue 1) World Trade Review 45, (2008)

Measuring the Shadow of the Future (with George Norman), 2008:1 Illinois Law Review

Embedding Mutual Recognition at the WTO, 14:5 Journal of European Public Policy 780, (2007)

Regulatory Jurisdiction and the WTO, 10 Journal of International Economic Law 3, (2007)

The WTO Cathedral, 43 Stanford Journal of International Law 127, (2007)

Trachtman, Joel P. "The World Trading System, the International Legal System and Multilevel Choice." European Law Journal 12, no. 4 (2006): 469-485.

Trachtman, Joel P. "The Constitutions of the WTO." European Journal of International Law 17, no. 3 (2006): 623-646.

Welcome to Cosmopolis, World of Boundless Opportunity, 39 Cornell International Law Journal 477 (2006)

Trachtman, Joel P and George Norman. "The Customary International Law Game." American Journal of International Law 99, no. 3 (2005): 541-580

Trachtman, Joel P. "Book Review: "Conflict of Norms in Public International Law: How WTO Law Relates to Other Rules of International Law" By Joost Pauwelyn." American Journal of International Law, 2005, 855

Trachtman, Joel P. "Changing the Rules: Constitutional Moments of the WTO." Harvard International Review 26, no. 2 (2004): 44-48

Trachtman, Joel P and Amelia Porges. "Robert Hudec and domestic regulation: the resurrection of aim and effects." Journal of World Trade 37, no. 4 (2003): 783-799

Trachtman, Joel P. "Notes and Comments: Robert E. Hudec (1934-2003)." American Journal of International Law 97, no. 2 (2003): 311-313

Trachtman, Joel P and Philip Moremen. "Costs and Benefits of Private Participation in WTO Dispute Settlement: Whose Right Is It Anyway?." Harvard International Law Journal 44, no. 1 (2003): 221-250

Trachtman, Joel P. "Legal Aspects of a Poverty Agenda at the WTO: Trade Law and 'Global Apartheid'." Journal of International Economic Law 6, no. 1 (2003)

Trachtman, Joel P. "Toward Open Recognition? Standardization and Regional Integration under Article XXIV of GATT." Journal of International Economic Law 6, no. 2 (2003): 459-492


WTO Judicial Interpretation, in The Oxford Handbook on The World Trade Organization (with Gregory Shaffer) (Oxford University Press 2012).

Doing Justice:  The Politics and Economics of International Distributive Justice, in Global Justice and International Economic Law: Opportunities and Prospects (Cambridge University Press 2012).

The WTO and Development Policy in China and India, in China, India and the International Economic Order (Cambridge University Press 2010).

International Economic Law Research: A Taxonomy, in International Economic Law: The State and Future of the Discipline (Colin B. Picker, Isabella D. Bunn & Douglas W. Arner, eds., (2008).

Trachtman, Joel P. ""Negotiations on Domestic Regulation and Trade Services (GATS Article VI): A Legal Analysis of Selected Current Issues."" In Reforming the World Trading System: Legitimacy, Efficiency, and Democratic Governance, ed. Ernst-Ulrich Petersmann, (2005)

Trachtman, Joel P. "Unilateralism and Multilateralism in U.S. Human Rights Laws Affecting International Trade." In International Trade and Human Rights: Foundations and Conceptual Issues, eds. Frederick Abbott, Christine Breining-Kaufmann and Thomas Cottier, University of Michigan Press, (2005)

Trachtman, Joel P. "Economic Analysis and International Law." In Economic Analysis of Law: A European Perspective, ed. Jeffrey L. Dunoff, (2003)

Trachtman, Joel P. ""Lessons for the GATS from Existing WTO Rules on Domestic Regulation."" In Domestic Regulation & Service Trade Liberalization, eds. Aaditya Mattoo and Pierre Sauve, (2003)

Trachtman, Joel P. "The Agency Model of Judging in Economic Integration: Balancing Responsibilities." In The Role of the Judge in International Trade Regulation: Experience and Lessons for the WTO, eds. Thomas Cottier and Petros C. Mavroidis, (2003)


Trachtman, Joel P. "Domestic regulation is vital: Developing countries must retain policy flexibility." The Financial Express, 15 June, (2005)


 Relevant Activities 

  • Former member of editorial boards of American Journal of International Law, European Journal of International Law and Singapore Journal of International Law.  Continuing member of the editorial board of the Journal of International Economic Law
  • Consultant to the OECD, UNCTAD and APEC
  • Former Chairman, International Economic Law Interest Group, American Society of International Law
  • Former Honorary Secretary, International Law Association (American Branch)
  • Practiced international business and finance law with Shearman & Sterling (New York and Hong Kong)
General Information

BA Columbia College, JD from Harvard Law School, General Course Certificate from London School of Economics and Political Science

TEL: +44 (0) 01792 602526
FAX: +44 (0) 01792 295855
E-MAIL: J.P.Trachtman@swansea.ac.uk

Courses Taught