Tracey Rihll taught at Leeds and Lampeter before Swansea, where she moved in 1990. She serves on the Council of the Hellenic Society, the editorial advisory board of Vulcan: The Journal of the Social and Cultural History of Military Technology (Brill), and is co-editor of Aestimatio: Critical Reviews in the History of Science (Institute for Research in Classical Philosophy and Science, Princeton). She received an Onassis Foreigner's Fellowship in 2010-2011, and a Swansea University Distinguished Teaching Award in 2012.
She has long specialized in the history of ancient science and technology, and more recently has been extending into the area of science and technology studies more generally. She also continues to work on slavery, and the social, economic and political history of the ancient Greek and Roman worlds.