I am a historian of twentieth-century Europe with particular interests in Italy, right-wing dictatorships and policing. I teach European fascism and the history of crime, policing and punishment at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. My research focuses on the history of policing in modern Italy, but I am more generally interested in the comparative and global history of policing and police culture. I am currently undertaking a case study of the Italian post-war police as part of a broader quest to understand more about how dictatorial pasts influence the manner in which police forces transform, nurture and represent institutional values and worldviews during (and following) periods of transition to democracy. I am a founder member of the Research Group for the Study of Conflict, Reconstruction and Memory (CRAM) at Swansea University. I belong to the European Social Science History Criminal Justice Network. I am a member of the advisory board of the journal, Crime, Histoire et Sociétés/Crime, History and Societies.