DNA amplification

Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Machine

Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Machine

Used to amplify segments of DNA for further analysis

Soil sampling

Soil Sampling & Sieves (a) Sieve Shakers (b) Sieving Extractor

Soil Sampling & Sieves (bottom) Sieve Shakers (top) Sieving Extractor

May be used either for preparation (i.e. to extract specific particle size classes for further analysis), or for dry and wet sieving to determine particle size distributions

Laboratory used for the preparation and sub-sampling of recently collected sediment samples

Particle size distribution

Coulter Laser Particle Analyser Micromeritics Sedigraph (X-Ray Particle Analyser)

Coulter Laser Particle Analyser Micromeritics Sedigraph (X-Ray Particle Analyser)

These two pieces of equipment are used for accurate particle size distribution determination following sample pre-treatment. The Sedigraph is preferred when extremely accurate measurements of percentage clay are required, while the Coulter Analyser is more flexible, and may be used on both dry and wet sediments of varied sizes and sources.

Nutrient analysis

Segmented Flow Nutrient Analyser

Segmented Flow Nutrient Analyser

Used for the accurate detection and measurement of trace inorganic nutrients in a wide range of natural water samples. Typically, analysis includes ammonia, phosphate, silicate, nitrate and nitrite, Dissolved Organic Carbon, Dissolved Inorganic carbon, Total Oxidised Nitrogen, Total Dissolved Phosphorus.

Microscopes

Microscopes

Various types of microscopes

Microscopes may be used to investigate sediment source, or for more analytical studies, such as relative dating methods using tephra, counting pollen to detect changes in vegetation cover, or to count charcoal fragments to investigate fire frequency.

Muffle Furnaces

Muffle Furnaces

To determine organic carbon, charcoal and carbonate contents on larger samples (3-5g)

Water chemical composition

Hitatchi Auto-sampler AS-400

Hitatchi Auto-sampler AS-400

Analysis of water samples to determine chemical composition.

Freeze drier

Freeze drier

Thermo savant freeze drier

Applies a vacuum at extremely low temperatures (-60oC) to gently remove water from samples

Bomb Calorimeter

Bomb Calorimeter

Preparation of samples for further analysis: e.g. Acid extraction of heavy metals, preparing peats to determine level of humification, or extracting pollen and tephra for microscope analysis.

Measures the heat released or absorbed during a chemical reaction, determines the potential energy of organic substances.

 

Total Organic Carbon

Total Organic Carbon

Primacs Solid Sample TOC Analyzer

Allows fast and accurate analysis of Total Carbon by high temperature catalytic combustion at 1050°C

To determine total carbon content on minute samples (10-12 µg), with extremely high accuracy

Magnetic Separator

Magnetic Separator

Frantz Model Magnetic Separator

Separates dry granular materials according to their magnetic susceptibilities

Chromatography detector

Chromatography detector

Severn analytical SA6604 Programmable Fluorescence detector

Detector for chromatography.

Particle analysis

Particle analysis

Beckham Coulter Counter Multisizer 4

Particle counting and sizing equipment.

FlowCam

FlowCam

Fluid Imaging Technology

Automated particle analysis with digital imaging for measuring the size and shape of microscopic particles in a fluid medium

Sediment elemental concentrations

Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS)

Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS)

Used to determine elemental concentrations from sediment sample extractions, primarily heavy metals

Spectrophotometer

CECIL 6000 Series Spectrophotometer

CECIL 6000 Series Spectrophotometer

An instrument for measuring light intensity, that can measure intensity as a function of the light source wavelength. Useful in the fields of material science, biochemistry, chemistry and molecular biology.

Stable Isotope Ratio

Stable Isotope Ratio Analysis (PDZ Europa)

Stable Isotope Ratio Analysis (PDZ Europa)

Surface tension

Easy Drop – Goniometer

Easy Drop – Goniometer

The Goniometer is used to measure surface tension in hydrophobicity studies

Organic compounds

Dionex 200 Accelerated Solvent Extractor; Gas Chromatographer – Mass Spectrometer

Dionex 200 Accelerated Solvent Extractor – Organic Compounds; Gas Chromatographer – Mass Spectrometer (GC/MS Agilent) (pictured)

Recovery of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls, and total petroleum hydrocarbons from sediment samples

Extremely accurate weighing (thousandth of a µg) of small samples for isotopic or carbon analysis

Used for the quantification and identification of trace organic compounds (typically extracted using the accelerated solvent extractor.

X-Ray Fluorescence

X-Ray Fluorescence

Portable X-Ray Fluorescence analyser

Used for rapid determination of elemental concentrations (from Mg to U), with a detection range extending from a high total percentage, down to parts per million.

Active fluorescence

Waltz Phyto-Pam Phytoplankton Analyser

Waltz Phyto-Pam Phytoplankton Analyser

Determine the content of active chlorophyll in natural waters and also differentiate between differently pigmented groups of algae (green algae, diatoms and cyanobacteria).

The photosynthetic performance and light-adaptational state of the various types of phytoplankton can be assessed.

 

Alkalinity

Alkalinity

Apollo SciTech Alkalinity Test Kit

Alkalinity testing of seawater and freshwater samples.

Titrator

Titrator

Automated titrino plus

Compact titrator for dynamic and monotonic titrations with automatic equivalence point recognition as well as endpoint titrations.

Nutrient spectrophotometer

Nutrient spectrophotometer

Hand held Spectrophotometer DS/2500 VIS for nutrient analysis

Analysis for Salinity and pH Analysis for Ammonia, Nitrite, Nitrate, Alkalinity

 

Microwave Digestion

Microwave Digestion

Microwave Digestion MARSX

Extraction and digestion for environmental samples.

Centrifuges

Centrifuges

An indispensable piece of equipment used in many phases of analysis – typically used to remove supernatant from solids following a process of extraction or separation

Magnetic parameters

Magnetic parameters

Bartington MS2 Dual Frequency Susceptibility Meter (top) Molspin Fluxgate Spinning Magnetometer (bottom)

Mineral magnetics are particularly useful when applied to sedimentary records, interpretation of the data may be used to infer changes in sediment sources, or to pinpoint fire horizons.

The Bartington may be used to measure low and high field magnetic susceptibility (χlf and χhf)