Laboratory instrumentation available to SEACAMS in Swansea
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Machine
Used to amplify segments of DNA for further analysis
Soil Sampling & Sieves (bottom) Sieve Shakers (top) Sieving Extractor
May be used either for preparation (i.e. to extract specific particle size classes for further analysis), or for dry and wet sieving to determine particle size distributions
Laboratory used for the preparation and sub-sampling of recently collected sediment samples
Coulter Laser Particle Analyser Micromeritics Sedigraph (X-Ray Particle Analyser)
These two pieces of equipment are used for accurate particle size distribution determination following sample pre-treatment. The Sedigraph is preferred when extremely accurate measurements of percentage clay are required, while the Coulter Analyser is more flexible, and may be used on both dry and wet sediments of varied sizes and sources.
Segmented Flow Nutrient Analyser
Used for the accurate detection and measurement of trace inorganic nutrients in a wide range of natural water samples. Typically, analysis includes ammonia, phosphate, silicate, nitrate and nitrite, Dissolved Organic Carbon, Dissolved Inorganic carbon, Total Oxidised Nitrogen, Total Dissolved Phosphorus.
Various types of microscopes
Microscopes may be used to investigate sediment source, or for more analytical studies, such as relative dating methods using tephra, counting pollen to detect changes in vegetation cover, or to count charcoal fragments to investigate fire frequency.
To determine organic carbon, charcoal and carbonate contents on larger samples (3-5g)
Hitatchi Auto-sampler AS-400
Analysis of water samples to determine chemical composition.
Thermo savant freeze drier
Applies a vacuum at extremely low temperatures (-60oC) to gently remove water from samples
Preparation of samples for further analysis: e.g. Acid extraction of heavy metals, preparing peats to determine level of humification, or extracting pollen and tephra for microscope analysis.
Measures the heat released or absorbed during a chemical reaction, determines the potential energy of organic substances.
Primacs Solid Sample TOC Analyzer
Allows fast and accurate analysis of Total Carbon by high temperature catalytic combustion at 1050°C
To determine total carbon content on minute samples (10-12 µg), with extremely high accuracy
Frantz Model Magnetic Separator
Separates dry granular materials according to their magnetic susceptibilities
Severn analytical SA6604 Programmable Fluorescence detector
Detector for chromatography.
Beckham Coulter Counter Multisizer 4
Particle counting and sizing equipment.
Fluid Imaging Technology
Automated particle analysis with digital imaging for measuring the size and shape of microscopic particles in a fluid medium
Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS)
Used to determine elemental concentrations from sediment sample extractions, primarily heavy metals
CECIL 6000 Series Spectrophotometer
An instrument for measuring light intensity, that can measure intensity as a function of the light source wavelength. Useful in the fields of material science, biochemistry, chemistry and molecular biology.
Stable Isotope Ratio Analysis (PDZ Europa)
Easy Drop – Goniometer
The Goniometer is used to measure surface tension in hydrophobicity studies
Dionex 200 Accelerated Solvent Extractor – Organic Compounds; Gas Chromatographer – Mass Spectrometer (GC/MS Agilent) (pictured)
Recovery of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls, and total petroleum hydrocarbons from sediment samples
Extremely accurate weighing (thousandth of a µg) of small samples for isotopic or carbon analysis
Used for the quantification and identification of trace organic compounds (typically extracted using the accelerated solvent extractor.
Portable X-Ray Fluorescence analyser
Used for rapid determination of elemental concentrations (from Mg to U), with a detection range extending from a high total percentage, down to parts per million.
Waltz Phyto-Pam Phytoplankton Analyser
Determine the content of active chlorophyll in natural waters and also differentiate between differently pigmented groups of algae (green algae, diatoms and cyanobacteria).
The photosynthetic performance and light-adaptational state of the various types of phytoplankton can be assessed.
Apollo SciTech Alkalinity Test Kit
Alkalinity testing of seawater and freshwater samples.
Automated titrino plus
Compact titrator for dynamic and monotonic titrations with automatic equivalence point recognition as well as endpoint titrations.
Hand held Spectrophotometer DS/2500 VIS for nutrient analysis
Analysis for Salinity and pH Analysis for Ammonia, Nitrite, Nitrate, Alkalinity
Microwave Digestion MARSX
Extraction and digestion for environmental samples.
An indispensable piece of equipment used in many phases of analysis – typically used to remove supernatant from solids following a process of extraction or separation
Bartington MS2 Dual Frequency Susceptibility Meter (top) Molspin Fluxgate Spinning Magnetometer (bottom)
Mineral magnetics are particularly useful when applied to sedimentary records, interpretation of the data may be used to infer changes in sediment sources, or to pinpoint fire horizons.
The Bartington may be used to measure low and high field magnetic susceptibility (χlf and χhf)