City centre and urban-area regeneration (Dr Rosemary Bromley)
This broad area of research encompasses the investigation of a range of factors contributing to city centre regeneration in the UK, in European cities and in Latin America. Planning for regeneration has included retail and leisure initiatives, conservation policies and city centre housing development. Housing developments have transformed the residential population of the city centre with spin-off effects on city centre facilities and the social environment. Any type of change impacts on city centre use in ways that are little researched and with implications for sustainability which are as yet poorly understood. This applied research has attracted funding from the Nuffield Foundation, from retail companies such as Marks and Spencer, from Housing Associations and from local and national government.
Geographies of crime and fear of crime (Dr Rosemary Bromley)
The spatiality of fear can be distinct from the patterns of crime suggested by police or other agency statistics. Crime, and fear of crime, impacts on the viability of the 24 hour city and on the liveability of many urban areas. A detailed knowledge of the variety of spaces and times which are feared both by adults and children can inform various policy initiatives, including social activities, urban design and planning controls. Research in this area can embrace a wide range of aspects whether focused on exploring fears of violent crime or on the effects of anti-social behaviour. Such research has been supported by major retailers, local authorities, housing associations and Welsh Assembly.
Informal trade and urban space in the Third World City (Dr Rosemary Bromley)
Informal trading comprises a major part of the informal sector in third-world economies, and employs a substantial proportion of the urban poor. However the transformation of the urban environment whereby central streets and squares are increasingly cleansed of informal trading activities is putting pressure on informal traders. New spatial patterns of trading are adapting to the new policing of public space and different traders are developing different strategies of survival in the changing circumstances.