EURO-BASIN and iMarNet

Zooplankton are the vital link between primary production and fisheries and yet, in models their description is typically over-simplified.

Dr Aditee Mitra worked, together with Prof Kevin Flynn on phytoplankton, on developing next generation adaptive zooplankton models that simulate correctly the interactions between phytoplankton food quality and quantity and their zooplankton grazers. This work was deployed within the integrated Science project EuroBASIN (, and in collaboration with the Integrated Global Biogeochemical Modelling Network ( 

For more information, e-mail Dr Mitra or Prof. Flynn.

UK Ocean Acidification Research Programme

Swansea University was a member of the £12m UK Ocean Acidification Research Programme, which involved over 120 scientists in 26 research laboratories across the UK.

The UK Ocean Acidification Research Programme is divided into 7 consortia projects, each investigating a different question relating to ocean acidification. Swansea University lead the project investigating the potential effects of ocean acidification on commercially important species, including associated ecosystems, socioeconomics and their capacity to resist and adapt.

Energetic Algae

The Energetic Algae project ('EnAlgae') was a €14.5 million Strategic Initiative of the INTERREG IVB North West Europe (NWE) Programme, led by Swansea university and engaging 19 partners and 14 observers across 7 EU member states.

The project aimed to reduce CO2 emissions and dependency on unsustainable energy sources through the development and commercialisation of technologies for the production of algal biomass and bioenergy and greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation.


The FishScan project, aimed at developing a system for continuous and highly accurate remote monitoring of weight, growth and size distribution of fish in aquaculture enclosures.

FishScan was initiated by the coordinating SME, Stovik Aqua AS, and funded the funding scheme "Research for SMEs" within the EU 7th Framework Programme.


BioAlgaeSorb, funded by the EU Framework 7 programme, focused on the integration of technologies for effluent water remediation and the production and exploitation of microalgae biomass for mitigation of climate change (renewable energy generation, carbon dioxide capture) and the production of valuable bio-products using a biorefinery approach.



ACCOMPLISH: Algal Carbon Capture and biOMass Production - LInked Supply cHain was a 2½ year project supported by Welsh Government.

This included contributions from industrial partners TATA Steel Strip Products UK and Dŵr Cymru Cyf, who have acknowledged microalgae as a low carbon and bioremediation technology.


The DeammRecirc project was based on the recent experiences and success of using deammonification to convert ammonia to nitrogen gas in other waste water treatment applications.  

The project included 11 participants, of which four are industrial SMEPs, which produced, developed and distributed the DeammRecirc system post project.


The NEPHROPS project, funded by the EU Framework 7 programme, aimed at developing new techniques in hatchery, rearing, fishery enhancement and aquaculture for Nephrops. 

Fisheries landings of Nephrops novegicus (also known as Dublin Bay Prawn, Norway Lobster and Langoustine, among other names) are around 59,000 tons a year with a first sale value of close to € 200 million.

The NEPHROPS project was intended to bring together complementary information from survey, experimental and laboratory work.  CSAR was mostly involved in optimising a hatchery for the species including testing prototype rearing systems (Aquahives).

WISE II Project

The WISE Network provides a unique opportunity for businesses to access the knowledge and facilities at the Universities of Bangor, Aberystwyth and Swansea. The WISE Network seeks to support the growth and development of companies in Wales, including those which specifically impact upon the environment. The aim is to leave Wales as a ‘greener’ country, with agile companies able to use research and development and collaboration with Universities to drive business growth in a sustainable way.

The WISE Network exists to develop and utilise the research, technology and innovation capacity and expertise in the universities and the ability to commercialise and exploit research to build business capacity to develop and take-up improved products processes and services. 


Bivalve molluscs such as Oysters and scallops represent 20 percent of the global aquaculture output with a turnover of almost £3 billion, bringing employment in rural coastal areas. Recently however, the European share of an expanding seafood market is shrinking while the global market is expanding.

Shellplant intends to develop a closed production system for bivalves in an innovative rack system, an algae photo bioreactor and a feeding and water exchange system with intelligent controls. CSAR’s role involved optimisation of growth of microalgae, the primary source of nutrition for bivalves

Algal Biotechnology for Advanced Bio-Products

KT project logo

Algal Biotechnology for Advanced Bio-Products aims to enhance current expertise and infrastructure towards lucrative expanding markets for advanced algae-based bio-products and processes.

Funded via Welsh Government (Academia for Business) and ERDF, the project comprised of a programme of technology development and knowledge transfer that will benefit an industry supply chain.

MARIBE Project (Marine Investment for the Blue Economy)

MARIBE is a Horizon2020 project that aims to unlock the potential of multi-use of space in the offshore economy (Blue Growth).

It will identify and develop key business models for combinations of complementary and synergistic Blue Growth or Blue Growth plus Blue Economy activities via multi-use of space and multi-use offshore platforms.

Placing mixotrophs in context

The traditional view of marine production being driven by phytoplankton and zooplankton appears to be incorrect.

It transpires that much of this activity is actually performed by mixotrophs: eukaryotic single-celled organisms that can photosynthesize (like plants) and hunt prey (like animals).

Funded by the Leverhulme Trust, Dr Aditee Mitra and Prof Kevin Flynn have established an International Network of experts to bring together existing observational and experimental information for the construction of next generation plankton models, describing mixotrophic activities. For more information, e-mail Dr Mitra or Prof. Flynn.

All for Water

All for Water

Water is a limited resource. Our vision is to design a novel, efficient and cost-effective waste-water treatment system enabling reclamation and reuse of freshwater by various consumers (e.g. households, hotels, water-treatment plants).

This trans-disciplinary project, lead by Dr Aditee Mitra, brings together expertise from across Wales (Bangor, Cardiff and Swansea) from the fields of civil and environmental engineering (treatment system design and construction), mathematics and biology (bacterial process modelling), electronic engineering (biosensor design), law (legal framework behind water monitoring and control) and psychology (public attitudes towards water use and conservation).

For more information, e-mail Dr Mitra.