Some industrial applications
As the above new technology has emerged, though fundamental in nature, it has been applied to industrial problems, where there is a need to optimise process design and reduce product wastage: examples include simulation for coating (wire, fibre-optic, glass rovings or roll-coating) flows and multi-layered injection moulding.
Optimisation studies on wire-coating processes with polymeric materials for BICC Cables (funding £120K, 7 years), embrace extensional inelastic modelling in Gunter et al. [j9], single-mode viscoelastic analyses in Gunter et al. [j10] and Mutlu et al. [j13,j15], and the multi-mode viscoelastic simulations of Matallah et al. [j22]. DSM Research has supported work on polymer coatings of continuous glass rovings and Alcoa on reverse-roller coating of aluminium foil with solvent resin. For injection moulding with advancing fronts, modelling under EU funding has extended to truly complex mould shapes (Ding et al. [j12]) and two-material filling sequences (Manogg et al. [j11]), encompassing collaboration with TU Eindhoven. Currently, work is in progress to extend the application of such technology to predict complex mixing flows in the food industry (see dough kneading).